Yucca gloriosa var. recurvifolia

(Salisbury) Engelmann

Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 3: 39. 1873.

Common names: Curve-leaf yucca
Basionym: Yucca recurvifolia Salisbury Parad. Lond., plate 31. 1806
Synonyms: Yucca pendula Groenland Yucca recurva Haworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 430.

Plants arborescent, simple or branching, to 2 m. Leaf blade mostly recurving, green, sword-shaped, 50–100 × 3.5–5 cm, flexible, margins narrowly yellow or brown. Inflorescences barely extending beyond rosettes, narrowly ellipsoid, 5–10 dm; peduncle 0.9–1.1 m. Flowers: tepals white or slightly greenish white, 4–5 × 2–2.5 cm. Berries mostly erect, oblong, 6-winged or 6-ribbed, 2.5–4.5 cm.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Sandy soils of Gulf coast plains
Elevation: 0–100 m


V26 882-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss.


Yucca gloriosa var. recurvifolia is poorly known and may not be distinct from var. gloriosa. It has been treated also at species and forma levels. Additional studies are needed to clarify its status.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

William J. Hess +  and R. Laurie Robbins +
(Salisbury) Engelmann +
Yucca recurvifolia +
Curve-leaf yucca +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +  and Miss. +
0–100 m +
Sandy soils of Gulf coast plains +
Flowering spring. +
Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis +
Yucca pendula +  and Yucca recurva +
Yucca gloriosa var. recurvifolia +
Yucca gloriosa +
variety +