Triteleia hyacinthina

(Lindley) Greene

Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 142. 1886.

Common names: White brodiaea fool’s onion hyacinth brodiaea wild hyacinth
Basionym: Hesperoscordum hyacinthinum Lindley Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 15: under plate 1293. 1829
Synonyms: Allium lacteum (Lindley) Bentham Allium tilingii Regel Brodiaea dissimulata M. Peck Brodiaea hyacinthina (Lindley) Baker Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindley) Baker Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lilacina (S. Watson) Jepson Brodiaea lactea Hooker Brodiaea lactea var. lilacina S. Watson Hesperoscordum lacteum (Lindley) Baker Hesperoscordum lewisii (Lindley) Davidson & Moxley Hookera hyacinthina Kellogg Hookera hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindley) Jepson Milla hyacinthina Milla hyacinthina var. lactea (Lindley) Baker Triteleia lactea Veatchia crystallina
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 342. Mentioned on page 339, 341, 343, 345.

Leaves 10–40 cm × 4–22 mm. Scape 30–60 cm, smooth to scabrous. Flowers: perianth white, sometimes flushed purple abaxially, 9–16 mm, tube shallowly bowl-shaped, 2–4 mm, lobes ascending to spreading, with green midvein, 7–12 mm, 2–3 times longer than tube; stamens attached at 1 level, equal; filaments usually triangular-dilated, 2–4 mm, apical appendages absent; anthers whitish to yellow, rarely blue, 1–2 mm; ovary twice as long as stipe; pedicel 0.5–5 cm. 2n = 28, 84.

Phenology: Flowering spring (Mar–Jun).
Habitat: Grasslands, vernally wet meadows, occasionally on drier slopes
Elevation: 0–2000 m


V26 695-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Calif., Idaho, Nev., Oreg., Wash.


Triteleia hyacinthina is one of the most widely distributed members of the genus, common in low, moist places such as meadows, vernal pools, and along streams, and found occasionally in drier valley grasslands, foothill woodlands, and closed-cone pine forests. It is cytologically and morphologically variable, with large-flowered forms found in wet places; smaller, scabrous forms found in dry places; forms with rather long pedicels (sometimes recognized as var. lactea); and forms with filaments lacking dilated triangular bases. Most plants have white flowers, but a few interesting forms with restricted distributions have lilac, blue, or even purple flowers. Triteleia ×versicolor Hoover is a sterile hybrid of T. ixioides and T. hyacinthina found in Monterey. Triteleia lilacina is recognized here as a species distinct from T. hyacinthina because of its different base chromosome number (2n = 16) and presence of hyaline vesicles (R. F. Hoover 1955).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Triteleia hyacinthina"
J. Chris Pires +
(Lindley) Greene +
Hesperoscordum hyacinthinum +
White brodiaea +, fool’s onion +, hyacinth brodiaea +  and wild hyacinth +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Nev. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0–2000 m +
Grasslands, vernally wet meadows, occasionally on drier slopes +
Flowering spring (Mar–Jun). +
Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Allium lacteum +, Allium tilingii +, Brodiaea dissimulata +, Brodiaea hyacinthina +, Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lactea +, Brodiaea hyacinthina var. lilacina +, Brodiaea lactea +, Brodiaea lactea var. lilacina +, Hesperoscordum lacteum +, Hesperoscordum lewisii +, Hookera hyacinthina +, Hookera hyacinthina var. lactea +, Milla hyacinthina +, Milla hyacinthina var. lactea +, Triteleia lactea +  and Veatchia crystallina +
Triteleia hyacinthina +
Triteleia +
species +