Trema micrantha

(Linnaeus) Blume

Mus. Bot. 2: 58. 1856.

Common names: Florida trema guacimilla
Basionym: Rhamnus micranthus Linnaeus Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 937. 1759
Synonyms: Celtis micranthus (Linnaeus) Swartz Sponia micrantha (Linnaeus) Decaisne Trema floridana Britton Trema melinona Blume Trema micrantha var. floridana (Britton) Standley & Steyermark
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs to small trees, 2-5.5(-10) m. Bark dark brown, smooth when young, developing small, warty projections in maturity. Branchlets copiously pubescent. Leaf blade ovate to narrowly ovate, 5-6.5(-9) × 2.5-4(-4.5) cm, base oblique to cordate, margins evenly serrate, apex acute to long-acuminate; abaxial surface softly, velvety white-pubescent; venation conspicuous but scarcely raised. Flowers: calyx greenish white. Fruits bright red-orange to yellow, 1.5-3.5 mm diam. 2n = 20 (from Costa Rica).

Phenology: Flowering most of year (Mar–Nov).
Habitat: Hammocks and prairies, often weedy along roadsides, in burned areas, and on calcareous ground
Elevation: 0-100 m


V3 523-distribution-map.gif

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America.


Trema micrantha, as interpreted here, is widespread in tropical regions of the New World. Small-leaved populations may be confused with T. lamarckiana.

The soft wood of Trema micrantha is suitable for the construction of tea chests and match sticks.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Trema micrantha"
Leila M. Schultz +
(Linnaeus) Blume +
Rhamnus micranthus +
Florida trema +  and guacimilla +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America. +
0-100 m +
Hammocks and prairies, often weedy along roadsides, in burned areas, and on calcareous ground +
Flowering most of year (Mar–Nov). +
W1 +  and Illustrated +
Celtis micranthus +, Sponia micrantha +, Trema floridana +, Trema melinona +  and Trema micrantha var. floridana +
Trema micrantha +
species +