Sp. Pl. 2: 645. 1753.


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 292. 1754.

Common names: Pennycress
Etymology: Greek thalo, thals - to compress, alluding to flattened fruits
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 745. Mentioned on page 226, 230, 239, 600, 746.

Plants often fetid when crushed; not scapose; glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect, unbranched or branched distally. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate or sessile [subsessile]; basal (often withered in fruit), rosulate or not, petiolate [subsessile], margins entire, repand, dentate, or sinuate-dentate; cauline sessile, blade (base auriculate or sagittate), margins dentate, repand, or entire. Racemes (several-flowered), considerably elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels divaricate, (straight or slightly curved), slender. Flowers: sepals erect or ascending, ovate or oblong, (margins membranous); petals spatulate [oblong], claw differentiated or not from blade, (apex obtuse or emarginate); stamens slightly tetradynamous; filaments not dilated basally; anthers ovate, (apex obtuse); nectar glands (2 or 4), lateral, often 1 on each side of lateral stamen, median glands absent. Fruits silicles, sessile, oblong, obovate, obcordate, or suborbicular, (apex often notched), keeled, strongly angustiseptate; valves winged throughout or apically, glabrous; replum rounded; septum complete, (not veined); ovules 6–16 per ovary; style obsolete or not, (included in apical notch); stigma capitate. Seeds plump, not winged, ovoid; seed coat (coarsely reticulate, alveolate or concentrically striate), not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent. x = 7.


Introduced; Eurasia, n Africa, introduced also nearly worldwide.


Species 6 (2 in the flora).

Thlaspi was divided by F. K. Meyer (1973) into 12 genera largely based on seed-coat sculpture and anatomy. Molecular data (K. Mummenhoff et al. 1997; M. Koch and Mummenhoff 2001) showed that Thlaspi is polyphyletic and strongly supported some of Meyer’s segregates, including Microthlaspi and Noccaea, both of which are recognized in this flora. As here delimited, Thlaspi consists of six species (Meyer), instead of over 75 recognized by various authors.


1 Plants glabrous throughout; fruits broadly winged throughout, wing 3.5-5 mm wide apically; seeds concentrically striate. Thlaspi arvense
1 Plants sparsely to densely pubescent basally along stems; fruits obscurely winged basally, wing to 1 mm wide apically; seeds alveolate. Thlaspi alliaceum
... more about "Thlaspi"
Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz +
Linnaeus +
Pennycress +
Eurasia +, n Africa +  and introduced also nearly worldwide. +
Greek thalo, thals - to compress, alluding to flattened fruits +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
koch2001a +, meyer1973a +, meyer1979a +, meyer2001a +  and mummenhoff1997a +
Cruciferae +
Thlaspi +
Brassicaceae tribe Thlaspideae +