Silene menziesii


Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 90, plate 30. 1830.

Common names: Menzies’ catchfly
Synonyms: Anotites alsinoides Greene Anotites bakeri Greene Anotites costata Greene Anotites debilis Greene Anotites diffusa Greene Anotites discurrens Greene Anotites dorrii (Kellogg) Greene Anotites elliptica Greene Anotites halophila Greene Anotites jonesii Greene Anotites latifolia Greene Anotites macilenta Greene Anotites menziesii (Hooker) Greene Anotites nodosa Greene Anotites picta Greene Anotites tenerrima Greene Anotites tereticaulis Greene Anotites villosula Greene Anotites viscosa Greene Silene dorrii Kellogg Silene menziesii subsp. dorrii (Kellogg) C. L. Hitchcock & Maguire Silene menziesii var. viscosa (Greene) C. L. Hitchcock & Maguire Silene obovata Silene stellarioides
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 193. Mentioned on page 170, 205, 214.

Plants perennial, with several–many decumbent, sometimes cespitose or matted shoots; taproot slender. Stems decumbent to erect, simple or branched, leafy throughout, 5–30(–70) cm, usually glandular-puberulent distally, proximal pubescence varying from short and sparse to multicellular, crinkled and deflexed, glandular or not. Leaves 2 per node, sessile or short-petiolate; blade usually oblanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, rarely obovate or elliptic, 2–6(–10) cm × 3–20(–35) mm, broadest at or above middle, narrowed to base, margins ciliate with short, somewhat scabrid hairs, apex acute to acuminate, puberulent to pubescent. Inflorescences cymose, or flowers axillary or solitary and terminal; cyme loose, compound, leafy. Pedicels slender, 0.5–3 cm, glandular-puberulent. Flowers functionally unisexual, usually bisexual; calyx obscurely 10-veined, campanulate, 5–8 mm, ca. 1/2 as wide, herbaceous, margins dentate, lobes lanceolate, 1.5–3 mm, apex recurved, subacute to acuminate, puberulent to pilose and glandular, veins without conspicuous, pale commissures; corolla white, clawed, 1–11/2 times calyx, claw shorter than calyx, limb oblong, 2-lobed, 1.5–3 mm, lobes oblong, apex obtuse, appendages 2, small, 0.1–0.4 mm; stamens in functionally staminate flowers equaling corolla, otherwise reduced and included in calyx; stigmas 3(–4), equaling corolla in functionally pistillate flowers, otherwise included in calyx, papillate along whole length. Capsules green, becoming black, ovoid-ellipsoid, slightly longer than calyx, opening by 3 erect teeth which often split into 6; carpophore ca. 1.5 mm. Seeds black, not winged, broadly reniform, 0.5–1 mm, glossy, obscurely reticulate. 2n = 24, 48.

Phenology: Flowering throughout summer.
Habitat: Common in open woodlands and forests, grasslands, gravelly places, river banks, mountains farther south
Elevation: 200-3000 m


V5 392-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.


Silene menziesii is quite variable in the extent to which the inflorescence is developed and in its pubescence. This, coupled with the functionally dioecious nature of the species, has spawned a plethora of names, none of which appear to warrant recognition. The similar S. williamsii from Alaska and the Yukon Territory can be separated by its narrower lanceolate leaves that are broadest near the base and dull, usually brown, tuberculate seeds. Also, its stigmas are papillate only near the top. Silene seelyi is also very similar to S. menziesii but has dark red flowers and leaves that are smaller (to 2 cm in length) and broadest below the middle.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Silene menziesii"
John K. Morton +
Hooker +
Menzies’ catchfly +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
200-3000 m +
Common in open woodlands and forests, grasslands, gravelly places, river banks, mountains farther south +
Flowering throughout summer. +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Anotites alsinoides +, Anotites bakeri +, Anotites costata +, Anotites debilis +, Anotites diffusa +, Anotites discurrens +, Anotites dorrii +, Anotites elliptica +, Anotites halophila +, Anotites jonesii +, Anotites latifolia +, Anotites macilenta +, Anotites menziesii +, Anotites nodosa +, Anotites picta +, Anotites tenerrima +, Anotites tereticaulis +, Anotites villosula +, Anotites viscosa +, Silene dorrii +, Silene menziesii subsp. dorrii +, Silene menziesii var. viscosa +, Silene obovata +  and Silene stellarioides +
Silene menziesii +
species +