Silene gallica


Sp. Pl. 1: 417. 1753.

Common names: Small-flowered catchfly silène de France
Synonyms: Silene anglica Linnaeus Silene quinquevulnera Linnaeus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 185. Mentioned on page 170.

Plants annual; taproot slender. Stems erect, branched, rarely simple, 15–45 cm, with long, often crinkled hairs mixed with short pubescence, viscid-glandular distally. Leaves 2 per node, blade with coarse, ascending, scabrous pubescence on both surfaces; basal few, withering, blade oblanceolate to spatulate-petiolate, 0.5–5 cm × 3–15 mm; cauline blades oblanceolate to lanceolate, 1–7 cm × 1–15 mm, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate to acute. Inflorescences open, with racemose branches, internodes and bracts usually ca. equaling fruiting calyx, 1–5 mm, longer proximally. Flowers 5–8 mm diam.; calyx prominently 10-veined, narrowly tubular-ovoid in flower, ovoid in fruit, constricted at mouth, 7–10 × 3–5 mm, membranous between veins, margins dentate, hispid, hairs ca. 2 mm, veins parallel, lobes lanceolate, 2–2.5 mm, apex greenish purple, acute; petals white or pink, often with dark spot or dark pink throughout, clawed, claw equaling calyx, limb elliptic to obovate, lobed or unlobed, to 6 mm, appendages 2, oblong to narrowly lanceolate, 1–1.5 mm; stamens equaling or shorter than calyx; stigmas 3, included in calyx. Capsules equaling calyx, opening with 6 recurved, narrowly triangular teeth; carpophore shorter than 1 mm, pubescent. Seeds dark reddish brown, reniform, angular with concave, radially ridged faces, broad outer edge transversely ridged and verrucose, ca. 0.5 mm broad. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Dry, open places, sandy and gravelly ground, roadsides, waste land
Elevation: 0-2000 m


V5 374-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Fla., Idaho, La., Maine, Mass., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tex., Wash., Europe, introduced worldwide.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Silene gallica"
John K. Morton +
Linnaeus +
Small-flowered catchfly +  and silène de France +
B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Idaho +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Wash. +, Europe +  and introduced worldwide. +
0-2000 m +
Dry, open places, sandy and gravelly ground, roadsides, waste land +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
Silene anglica +  and Silene quinquevulnera +
Silene gallica +
species +