Sp. Pl. 2: 349. 1753.

Common names: Sandalwood
Etymology: Greek santalon, derived from Sanskrit chandana, fragrant
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 420. Mentioned on page 419, 421.

Trees [shrubs], evergreen, synoecious. Stems glabrous. Leaves: petiole well developed. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, thyrses [cymes, racemes, umbels]. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual; perianth and androecium perigynous [epigynous]; hypanthium campanulate [very short, funnelform, cylindric]; petals 4; nectary lining hypanthium, lobed distally; stamens 4, with hairs at filament base; ovary 1/2-inferior to almost superior [inferior], 1-locular; ovules 2–4; styles long, cylindric [short]; stigmas 3-lobed. Pseudodrupes rimmed by circular collar (scar or perianth remnants) at apex. x = 10.


Introduced; Fla., Asia (Indonesia), Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea), Australia, introduced also elsewhere in Asia (India).


Species 15 (1 in the flora).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Santalum"
Daniel L. Nickrent +
Linnaeus +
Sandalwood +
Fla. +, Asia (Indonesia) +, Pacific Islands (Papua New Guinea) +, Australia +  and introduced also elsewhere in Asia (India). +
Greek santalon, derived from Sanskrit chandana, fragrant +
Introduced +
Santalum +
Santalaceae +