Salix wolfii


in J. T. Rothrock, Rep. U. S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler, 241. 1879.

Common names: Idaho willow
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 107. Mentioned on page 93, 100, 101, 113, 151.

Plants 0.1–2 m. Stems: branches red-brown, violet, yellow-gray, or yellow-brown, pubescent or pilose to glabrescent; branchlets yellowish, yellow-brown, red-brown, or yellow-green, sparsely or moderately densely pubescent, or densely long-silky, (inner membranaceous bud-scale layer free, separating from outer layer). Leaves: stipules rudimentary or foliaceous on early ones, foliaceous on late ones, apex rounded, acuminate, or acute; petiole convex to flat, or shallowly grooved adaxially, 3–12 mm, pubescent, long-silky, or villous adaxially; largest medial blade narrowly oblong, narrowly elliptic, elliptic, or oblanceolate, 26–56 × 8–16.5 mm, 2.5–3.7–5.6 times as long as wide, base cuneate, convex, or rounded, margins flat, entire, apex acute, acuminate, or convex, abaxial surface not glaucous, pubescent, short-silky, or villous, hairs appressed or spreading, straight or wavy, adaxial dull, sparsely to densely silky or villous; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade yellowish green, densely short- or long-silky or villous abaxially, hairs white. Catkins flowering as leaves emerge; staminate stout or subglobose, 9.5–16 × 6–12 mm, flowering branchlet 1–5.5 mm; pistillate moderately or very densely flowered, stout, subglobose or globose, 8.5–38 × 5–12 mm, flowering branchlet 1–11 mm; floral bract brown, black, or bicolor, 0.8–2 mm, apex rounded or acute, abaxially hairy, hairs wavy, straight, or curly. Staminate flowers: (abaxial nectary 0–0.2 mm), adaxial nectary oblong, 0.4–1.1 mm, (nectaries distinct); filaments distinct, glabrous; anthers yellow, 0.3–0.5 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, ovate, or flask-shaped, 0.4–1.1 mm, shorter to longer than stipe; stipe 0.2–0.9 mm; ovary pyriform, glabrous or hairy, beak gradually tapering to or slightly bulged below styles; ovules 8–16 per ovary; styles 0.3–1 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded or pointed tip, or slenderly or broadly cylindrical, 0.24–0.3–0.4 mm. Capsules 3–5 mm.


V7 107-distribution-map.gif

Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wyo.


Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

The two varieties of Salix wolfii are distinguished mainly by ovary hairiness; other characters in the key overlap. Ovaries of the typical var. wolfii are glabrous and those of var. idahoensis are hairy. In the latter variety, ovaries are sometimes hairy throughout, but most have hairs in streaks or in a patch at the base of the ovary and on the stipes. These plants usually do not set seed and may be infertile hybrids. Occasional occurrence of staminate flowers with abaxial nectaries suggests that this variety may be a hybrid with S. glauca or S. brachycarpa, although it could also be with S. eastwoodiae, as suggested by S. J. Brunsfeld and F. D. Johnson (1985). The presence of both abaxial and adaxial nectaries in staminate flowers of S. wolfii (staminate plants cannot be identified to variety) is an unusual character in subg. Vetrix; it rarely occurs in S. argyrocarpa, S. breweri, and S. orestera, but is common in S. wolfii. Both hairy ovaries and abaxial nectaries could have been acquired through hybridization and introgression, or polyploidy, with S. glauca or S. brachycarpa. Cytological study of S. wolfii may help answer this question.

Selected References



1 Ovaries glabrous; pistillate adaxial nectaries 0.4-0.8 mm; stipes 0.2-0.9 mm. Salix wolfii var. wolfii
1 Ovaries pubescent or tomentose (hairs in streaks or patches); pistillate adaxial nectaries 0.4-1.1 mm; stipes 0-0.4 mm Salix wolfii var. idahoensis