Rhynchospora fusca

(Linnaeus) W. T. Aiton

in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 1: 127. 1810.

Common names: Rhynchospore brun
Basionym: Schoenus fuscus Linnaeus Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2: 1664. 1763
Synonyms: Phaeocephalum fuscum (Linnaeus) House Rhynchospora alba var. fusca (Linnaeus) Vahl
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 232. Mentioned on page 206, 233.
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Plants perennial, cespitose, 10–50 cm; rhizomes stoloniferous, slender. Culms erect to excurved, filiform, leafy, ± terete. Leaves shorter than culm; blades ascending, filiform, proximally to 1.5(–2)mm wide, apex trigonous, tapering, setaceous. Inflorescences: lateral spikelet clusters (0–)1–2, distant, terminal cluster ellipsoid to broadly turbinate or hemispheric, branches ascending; leafy bracts setaceous, overtopping clusters. Spikelets red-brown to deep brown, lanceoloid, (4–)5–6(–7) mm, apex acute; fertile scales lanceolate, 4–5(–6) mm, apex acuminate, midrib often excurrent as awn. Flowers: bristles 5–6, longest reaching at least past tubercle base, mostly to tip or beyond, antrorsely barbellate. Fruits 2(–3) per spikelet, (2.3–)2.5–2.6(–3) mm with pedicellar joint, receptacle, and tubercle; body lustrous, pale brown to deep brown, obovoid to ellipsoid, lenticular, 1–1.5 × 1 mm, margins narrow, flowing to tubercle; surfaces longitudinally finely lined, transversely very finely ridged with wavy rows of very narrow, vertical lattices, sometimes also with lines of shallow pits; tubercle triangularsubulate, (0.7–)1–1.3(–1.5) mm, base lunate, margins setulose proximally.

Phenology: Fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Sands and peats of pond shores, bogs, and seeps
Elevation: 0–400 m


V23 411-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Pa., R.I., Vt., Wis., Europe.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhynchospora fusca"
Robert Kral +
(Linnaeus) W. T. Aiton +
Schoenus fuscus +
Rhynchospore brun +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Wis. +  and Europe. +
0–400 m +
Sands and peats of pond shores, bogs, and seeps +
Fruiting summer–fall. +
in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. +
Illustrated +
Phaeocephalum fuscum +  and Rhynchospora alba var. fusca +
Rhynchospora fusca +
Rhynchospora +
species +