Rhododendron canescens

(Michaux) Sweet

Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 343. 1830 ,.

Common names: Piedmont or southern pinxterbloom azalea
Basionym: Azalea canescens Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 150. 1803
Synonyms: Azalea candida Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 469. Mentioned on page 459, 466, 467, 468, 470, 471.

Shrubs or trees, to 6 m, usually not rhizomatous. Stems: bark smooth to vertically furrowed, shredding; twigs scattered, multicellular eglandular- and/or stipitate-glandular-hairy (hairs unbranched), otherwise moderately to densely unicellular-hairy. Leaves deciduous; petiole usually multicellular eglandular- or stipitate-glandular-hairy, also unicellular-hairy; blade ovate to obovate, 2.5–10(–13) × 1.2–3(–4) cm, thin, membranous to chartaceous, margins entire, rarely minutely serrulate, plane, inconspicuously ciliate, eglandular-hairy (hairs appressed to margins), apex acute to obtuse, often mucronate, abaxial surface densely to sparsely unicellular-hairy, sometimes glabrous or glabrate, often also scattered eglandular-hairy, adaxial surface usually scattered eglandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely unicellular-hairy, sometimes glabrous. Floral bud scales ± densely unicellular-hairy abaxially, margins usually unicellular-ciliate. Inflorescences 6–19-flowered; bracts similar to bud scales. Pedicels 4–17 mm, usually eglandular-hairy, rarely stipitate-glandular- and/or eglandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely to densely unicellular-hairy. Flowers opening before or with leaves, erect to horizontal, fragrant (usually musky-scented); calyx lobes 0.5–4 mm, surfaces and margins scattered stipitate-glandular- and/or eglandular-hairy, otherwise usually densely unicellular-hairy; corolla deep pink to white with pink tube, without blotch on upper lobe, funnelform, 23–46 mm, scattered, multicellular stipitate-glandular-hairy (hairs not forming distinct lines), otherwise sparsely to densely unicellular-hairy on outer surface, petals connate, lobes 7–20 mm, tube ± gradually expanded into lobes, 13–27 mm (equaling or longer than lobes); stamens 5, much exserted, ± unequal, 31–64 mm. Capsules borne on erect pedicels, 12–33 × 3–6.5 mm, usually sparsely to moderately eglandular-hairy, otherwise ± densely unicellular-hairy. Seeds without distinct tails, flattened portion of testa well developed at each end; testa expanded, dorsiventrally flattened, ± loose. 2n = 26.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, pocosins, swamps and savannas, often along streams
Elevation: 0-500 m


V8 917-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex.


Rhododendron canescens is most similar to R. prinophyllum and R. periclymenoides, although these three species do not constitute a clade (K. A. Kron 1993); they occasionally hybridize where their habitats and ranges overlap. In addition, putative hybrids with R. alabamense, R. atlanticum, R. austrinum, R. flammeum, R. periclymenoides, and R. calendulaceum are known.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Rhododendron canescens"
Walter S. Judd +  and Kathleen A. Kron +
(Michaux) Sweet +
Azalea canescens +
Piedmont or southern pinxterbloom azalea +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Tex. +
0-500 m +
Moist to dry woods, pocosins, swamps and savannas, often along streams +
Flowering spring. +
Hort. Brit. ed. +
Azalea candida +
Rhododendron canescens +
Rhododendron +
species +