Biblioth. Bot. 87: 38. 1916 ,.

Etymology: Greek rhexis, breaking, and phyllon, leaf, alluding to fissile distal leaf margins
Synonyms: Neocardotia Thériot & E. B. Bartram
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 572. Mentioned on page 479, 573.

Plants turf-forming, dull green to blackish green distally, reddish brown proximally. Stems elongate, 2–4 cm; hyalodermis present, sclerodermis strong, central strand present; axillary hairs of ca. 10 cells, all hyaline, or proximal 1–3 cells yellow-brown. Leaves appressed-incurved and loosely twisted-flexuose when dry, limb widely spreading to squarrose beyond an expanded base when moist; lanceolate, deeply and narrowly keeled distally; base rectangular, somewhat clasping, shortly decurrent; leaf margins recurved in proximal 1/4–1/2, coarsely, irregularly and sharply papillose-dentate to erose-dentate in distal 1/4–1/2, teeth multicellular, fragile margins tending to split in irregular horizontal lines, lamina 2-stratose in patches, sometimes only on the leaf margins; apex narrowly to broadly acute; costa excurrent as a sharp, denticulate mucro, adaxial outgrowths absent, adaxial cells elongate, short-rectangular to quadrate distally, 3–4 across costa at mid leaf; transverse section reniform, adaxial epidermis weakly differentiated or absent, two stereid bands present, guide cells 2–4 in 1 layer, hydroid strand variably present, abaxial stereid band reniform-semicircular in shape, abaxial epidermis strongly differentiated; basal cells nearly undifferentiated on the margins, gradually differentiated in the middle of the leaf base, oblong-rectangular, somewhat wider than distal cells, 3–5:1, walls thin; cells of limb subquadrate to rounded-hexagonal, 1:1, 2-stratose in patches, sometimes only on the leaf margins, papillae solid or hollow, crowded, multifid, walls thin, convex on both surfaces. Specialized asexual reproduction lacking. [Sexual condition dioicous; perichaetia terminal, interior leaves highly differentiated, long-lanceolate, convolute-sheathing. Seta to 1 cm. Capsule stegocarpous, theca ellipsoidal to cylindric; annulus of 2 rows of strongly vesiculose cells; operculum short-conic to conic-rostrate, somewhat inclined; peristome absent. Calyptra cucullate. Spores 11–18 µm.] Laminal KOH color reaction red.


sw United States, Mexico, South America.


Species 1.

The significant character separating Rhexophyllum from the similar genus Leptodontium is the presence of a stem central strand. There are apparently no close relatives although R. H. Zander’s (1993) phylogenetic study indicates that the genus shares an ancestor with Mironia, a similar Latin-American genus with species whose leaves are 2-stratose only along the margins of the distal lamina, and whose capsule is peristomate.

... more about "Rhexophyllum"
Patricia M. Eckel +
Herzog +
Pottiaceae tribe Barbuleae +
sw United States +, Mexico +  and South America. +
Greek rhexis, breaking, and phyllon, leaf, alluding to fissile distal leaf margins +
Biblioth. Bot. +
zander1994i +
Neocardotia +
Rhexophyllum +
Pottiaceae subfam. Barbuloideae +