Pyracantha fortuneana

(Maximowicz) H. L. Li

J. Arnold Arbor. 25: 420. 1944.

Common names: Chinese firethorn
Basionym: Photinia fortuneana Maximowicz Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 19: 179. 1873
Synonyms: Pyracantha crenatoserrata (Hance) Rehder P. crenulata var. rogersiana A. B. Jackson P. rogersiana (A. B. Jackson) Bean P. yunnanensis (M. Vilmorin ex Mottet) Chittenden
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 469. Mentioned on page 471, 472.

Plants 10–30 dm. Stems: thorns sparse to abundant; young twigs rusty-hairy (gray-hairy in 1 variation), glabrescent. Leaves: stipules 3–8 mm; petiole 2–5 mm; blade oblanceolate or obovate, 1.5–6 × 0.5–2.5 cm, base cuneate, margins remotely serrulate or crenulate, often entire proximally, apex obtuse, emarginate, or short-apiculate, surfaces glabrate. Inflorescences 3–4 cm diam. Pedicels 2–8 mm, usually glabrate, rarely sparsely appressed brown- or gray-hairy. Flowers 4–12 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrate, rarely slightly hairy; sepals triangular, 1–1.5 mm, apex obtuse; petals suborbiculate, 3–4 mm, apex rounded. Pomes orange-red to dark red, 3–6 mm diam.; pedicels 2–10 mm. 2n = 34 (China).

Phenology: Flowering Feb–May; fruiting Sep–Mar.
Habitat: Disturbed ground, roadsides, canyons, woodland edges, open forests, riparian areas
Elevation: 0–1500 m


V9 792-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ala., Calif., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., Oreg., S.C., Tex., Wash., Asia (China), introduced also in Europe (England), Pacific Islands (Hawaii, New Zealand), Australia.


Pyracantha fortuneana is native to central and western China. It is variable in the amount of toothing on the leaf blades and color of the hairs on new growth. Plants having grayish hairs on young twigs rather than the usual rusty or brownish hairs have been attributed to the taxon P. rogersiana, which has also been interpreted as a variety of P. crenulata. It is insufficiently distinct to separate from P. fortuneana among the specimens examined.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Pyracantha fortuneana"
Ronald W. Lance +  and Peter F. Zika +
(Maximowicz) H. L. Li +
Photinia fortuneana +
Chinese firethorn +
Ala. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, N.C. +, Oreg. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Wash. +, Asia (China) +, introduced also in Europe (England) +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii +, New Zealand) +  and Australia. +
0–1500 m +
Disturbed ground, roadsides, canyons, woodland edges, open forests, riparian areas +
Flowering Feb–May +  and fruiting Sep–Mar. +
J. Arnold Arbor. +
Introduced +
Pyracantha crenatoserrata +, P. crenulata var. rogersiana +, P. rogersiana +  and P. yunnanensis +
Pyracantha fortuneana +
Pyracantha +
species +