Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 24: 74. 1950.
Trees to 90(–100)m; trunk to 4.4m diam.; crown narrow to broadly conic, flattened in age. Twigs slender, pubescent, becoming glabrous with age. Leaves 15–30(–40) × 1–1.5mm, yellow-green to dark or bluish green, apex obtuse to acute. Pollen cones yellow-red. Seed cones 4–10 × 3–3.5cm. Seeds 5–6mm, wing longer than seed body.
Alta., B.C., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Mex., Nev., Oreg., Tex., Utah, Wash., Wyo., Mexico.
Pseudotsuga menziesii is a most important timber tree, valued in both the Old and New worlds. The two intergrading varieties are sympatric in southern British Columbia and northeastern Washington.
Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is the state tree of Oregon.
Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).