Prunus hortulana

L. H. Bailey

Gard. & Forest 5: 90. 1892.

Common names: Hortulan or wild goose plum
Synonyms: Prunus hortulana var. mineri L. H. Bailey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 382. Mentioned on page 358, 361, 376.

Trees, rarely suckering, 40–100 dm, moderately thorny. Twigs with axillary end buds, glabrous. Leaves deciduous; petiole 6–20 mm, hairy on adaxial surface, usually glandular distally, glands 1–5; blade narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-obovate, (5–)7–11(–13) × (2–)3–5.5 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins singly to doubly crenate-serrate, teeth blunt, glandular, glands inconspicuous, blackish, apex long-acuminate, abaxial surface ± hairy along midribs and veins, adaxial glabrous or with hairs along midribs. Inflorescences 2–4-flowered, umbellate fascicles. Pedicels 8–20 mm, glabrous. Flowers blooming before or at leaf emergence; hypanthium campanulate, 2–3 mm, glabrous externally; sepals erect to reflexed, ovate, 1.5–3 mm, margins glandular-toothed, abaxial surface glabrous or sparsely hairy, adaxial densely hairy at bases; petals white, obovate, 4–9 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes red to yellowish with white dots, not or only slightly glaucous, globose, 20–30(–40) mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ovoid-ellipsoid, ± flattened. 2n = 16.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Roadside thickets, flood plains, open woodlands
Elevation: 50–500 m


V9 637-distribution-map.jpg

Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Tenn., Va., W.Va.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Prunus hortulana"
Joseph R. Rohrer +
L. H. Bailey +
Hortulan or wild goose plum +
Ark. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
50–500 m +
Roadside thickets, flood plains, open woodlands +
Flowering Apr–May +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
Gard. & Forest +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
Prunus hortulana var. mineri +
Prunus hortulana +
species +