Prosthechea pygmaea

(Hooker) W. E. Higgins

Phytologia 82: 380. 1998.

Common names: Dwarf butterfly orchid dwarf encyclia dwarf epidendrum
Basionym: Epidendrum pygmaeum Hooker Bot. Mag. 60: plate 3233. 1822
Synonyms: Aulizeum pygmaeum (Hooker) Bentham & Hooker f. Aulizeum pygmaeum (Hooker) Lindley ex Stein Encyclia pygmaea (Hooker) Dressler Hormidium pygmaeum (Hooker) Bentham & Hooker f. ex Hemsley
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 615. Mentioned on page 614.

Plants creeping, to 12 cm. Stems: pseudobulbs spaced 3–4 cm, fusiform, somewhat flattened, slender, 20–40 × 3–8 mm. Leaves 2(–3, rarely), elliptic, 25–55 × 9–13 mm. Inflorescences racemes, sessile, 0.5 cm. Flowers 1–3, resupinate, successive, flowers and fruits may be present with capsules, light yellowish green to green or brownish green; sepals oblanceolate, apex acute; lateral sepals oblique, 5–6 × 2 mm; petals linear, 4 × less than 1 mm, apex acute; lip white with purple blotch on middle lobe, obreniform, middle lobe small, triangular, apex acute, lateral lobes suborbiculate, embracing column, 4 × 2 mm; anthers 1, orange; column white, 2 mm, apex 3-toothed. Capsules 1 cm.

Phenology: Flowering Oct–Feb; fruiting Feb–May.
Habitat: In swamps, infrequent but individual plants form large patches
Elevation: 0–30 m


V26 1256-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America.


In Florida, flowers of some plants of Prosthechea pygmaea have been reported to be cleistogamous (C. A. Luer 1972).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Prosthechea pygmaea"
Eric Hágsater +
(Hooker) W. E. Higgins +
Epidendrum pygmaeum +
Dwarf butterfly orchid +, dwarf encyclia +  and dwarf epidendrum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and n South America. +
0–30 m +
In swamps, infrequent but individual plants form large patches +
Flowering Oct–Feb +  and fruiting Feb–May. +
Aulizeum pygmaeum +, Encyclia pygmaea +  and Hormidium pygmaeum +
Prosthechea pygmaea +
Prosthechea +
species +