Prenanthes barbata

(Torrey & A. Gray) Milstead ex Cronquist

Brittonia 29: 223. 1977.

Common names: Barbed rattlesnakeroot
Basionym: Nabalus fraseri var. barbatus Torrey & A. Gray Fl. N. Amer. 2: 481. 1843
Synonyms: Prenanthes serpentaria var. barbata (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 267. Mentioned on page 265, 268.

Plants 50–150 cm; taproots thickened, tuberous, with lateral side roots. Stems erect, purplish, glabrous proximally, finely tomentulose or setose distally. Leaves: proximal withered by flowering; petiolate (petioles 2–3 cm, winged); blades ± elliptic, 4–10 × 1–4 cm, coriaceous, bases narrowed (not hastate), margins coarsely and irregularly dentate or serrate (unlobed), apices acute, faces glabrous or papillose-hispid; mid cauline cuneate or sessile and clasping; distal sessile and reduced. Heads (15–50) in (much-branched) paniculiform or thyrsiform arrays (nodding). Calyculi of 7–11, dark green to purple, triangular to lance-ovate bractlets 2–5 mm, hispid or setose along midveins. Involucres cylindric to campanulate, 12–16 × 4–6 mm. Phyllaries 6–8, usually purple or lavender, subulate to lanceolate, 11–14 mm, margins scarious, coarsely hispid or setose along midveins. Florets 10–15; corollas white to yellowish white, 13–16 mm. Cypselae tan, subcylindric, subterete to 5-angled, 8–10 mm, indistinctly 8–10-ribbed; pappi yellowish white, 7–8 mm.

Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Sandy oak-hickory-pine woods, savannas, prairies, pine barrens
Elevation: 10–100 m



Ala., Ark., Ga., Ky., La., Okla., Tenn., Tex.


Prenanthes barbata is identified by its erect habit, irregularly dentate leaves, heads with 6–8 purple phyllaries, coarsely setose calyculi and phyllaries, and white to yellowish white corollas.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Prenanthes barbata"
David J. Bogler +
(Torrey & A. Gray) Milstead ex Cronquist +
Nabalus fraseri var. barbatus +
Barbed rattlesnakeroot +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Okla. +, Tenn. +  and Tex. +
10–100 m +
Sandy oak-hickory-pine woods, savannas, prairies, pine barrens +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
Prenanthes serpentaria var. barbata +
Prenanthes barbata +
Prenanthes +
species +