Phoradendron bolleanum

(Seemann) Eichler

in C. F. P. von Martius et al., Fl. Bras. 5(2): 134m. 1868.

Common names: Bollean mistletoe
Basionym: Viscum bolleanum Seemann Bot. Voy. Herald, 295, plate 63. 1856
Synonyms: Phoradendron bolleanum subsp. densum (Torrey ex Trelease) Wiens P. bolleanum var. densum (Torrey ex Trelease) Fosberg P. bolleanum subsp. pauciflorum (Torrey) Wiens P. densum Torrey ex Trelease P. hawksworthii Wiens P. pauciflorum Torrey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 436. Mentioned on page 435, 437.

Subshrubs, erect, forming globose clumps to 10 dm diam., dioecious. Stems green, brown, reddish brown, or orange, glabrous or slightly puberulent, hairs simple; internodes terete, to 2 cm. Leaves green, well developed, glabrous or slightly puberulent, hairs simple; petiole very short or absent; blade terete to narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, 7–35 × 1–10 mm, thin, base slightly tapered, apex acute-apiculate to rounded; basal phyllotaxy transverse. Staminate inflorescences 3–6 mm, glabrous or slightly puberulent, hairs simple; peduncle with 1 internode, 1–2 mm; fertile internode usually 1, 6–20-flowered, triseriate, flowers 1–3 per column or not in columns. Pistillate inflorescences 3–6 mm, elongating in fruit, glabrous or slightly puberulent, hairs simple; peduncle with 1 internode, 1.5–3 mm; fertile internodes 1(–2), each 2-flowered, flowers 1 per bract. Flowers: petals 3–4, 1–2 mm. Berries white to pink, ovoid, 3.5–5 × 3.5–5 mm, glabrous. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering May–Aug.
Habitat: Coniferous forests.
Elevation: 300–3000 m.


V12 686-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Calif., N.Mex., Oreg., Tex., Mexico, Central America (Guatemala).


This treatment follows J. Kuijt (2003), who considered Phoradendron bolleanum to be a widespread and variable species complex. The three main taxa that often have been recognized as species are Phoradendron bolleanum in the narrow sense, P. densum, and P. pauciflorum,. Phoradendron bolleanum in the narrow sense has small, narrow leaves and frequently parasitizes Juniperus as well as Arbutus. The P. pauciflorum variant has broad leaves and mostly parasitizes Abies concolor. The P. densum variant tends to have leaves that are intermediate between those of the other two variants; it ranges from Oregon to Mexico and parasitizes Cupressus and Juniperus. Molecular analyses indicate that P. bolleanum is not monophyletic unless P. minutifolium Urban is synonymized with the other variants. Hybrids between P. bolleanum and P. juniperinum produce plants closely resembling P. minutifolium (D. Wiens and M. DeDecker 1972). As pointed out by Kuijt, molecular studies will be required to determine species boundaries within this complex.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Phoradendron bolleanum"
Daniel L. Nickrent +
(Seemann) Eichler +
Viscum bolleanum +
Bollean mistletoe +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, Tex. +, Mexico +  and Central America (Guatemala). +
300–3000 m. +
Coniferous forests. +
Flowering May–Aug. +
in C. F. P. von Martius et al., Fl. Bras. +
Phoradendron bolleanum subsp. densum +, P. bolleanum var. densum +, P. bolleanum subsp. pauciflorum +, P. densum +, P. hawksworthii +  and P. pauciflorum +
Phoradendron bolleanum +
Phoradendron +
species +