Parthenocissus vitacea

(Knerr) Hitchcock

Key Spring Fl. Manhattan, 26. 1894.

Common names: Woodbine thicket creeper vigne vierge commune
Basionym: Ampelopsis quinquefolia var. vitacea Knerr Bot. Gaz. 18: [70]. 1893
Synonyms: Parthenocissus inserta var. laciniata (Planchon) Rehder P. laciniata (Planchon) Small P. quinquefolia var. vitacea (Knerr) L. H. Bailey P. vitacea var. dubia Rehder P. vitacea var. laciniata (Planchon) Rehder P. vitacea var. macrophylla (Lauche) Rehder Psedera vitacea (Knerr) Greene
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 17. Mentioned on page 16.

Lianas, high climbing or scrambling. Tendrils (2–)3–5-branched, usually without, rarely with, adhesive discs. Leaves palmately compound; petiole ± equaling blade; leaflets 5(–6), lustrous adaxially, oblong-obovate to elliptic, 4–10 × 2–4 cm, thin, herbaceous, base cuneate, margins coarsely serrate, usually distally, apex acuminate, surfaces glabrous or abaxial puberulent. Inflorescences dichotomously branched, without distinct central axis. Flowers greenish to reddish green. Berries subglobose, 6–12 mm diam. 2n = 40.

Phenology: Flowering May–Jun; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Open woods, hillsides, thickets, ravines, fencerows, roadsides, waste places.
Elevation: 40–2500 m.


V12 154-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tex., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo.


The species treated here as Parthenocissus vitacea has sometimes been called P. inserta (for example, C. C. Deam 1940, M. L. Fernald 1950, H. J. Scoggan 1978–1979, J. S. Pringle 2010). According to the original description and illustration of Vitis inserta, the latter's basionym, that species has much branched tendrils and shows adhesive discs or tendencies of such discs (enlarged tendril tips). These traits are different from those of P. vitacea, which bears 2–4(–5) branched tendrils without enlarged tips, and therefore those names are treated here as synonyms of P. quinquefolia (but see arguments by Pringle).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Parthenocissus vitacea"
Michael O. Moore† +  and Jun Wen +
(Knerr) Hitchcock +
Ampelopsis quinquefolia var. vitacea +
Woodbine +, thicket creeper +  and vigne vierge commune +
B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
40–2500 m. +
Open woods, hillsides, thickets, ravines, fencerows, roadsides, waste places. +
Flowering May–Jun +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
Key Spring Fl. Manhattan, +
Parthenocissus inserta var. laciniata +, P. laciniata +, P. quinquefolia var. vitacea +, P. vitacea var. dubia +, P. vitacea var. laciniata +, P. vitacea var. macrophylla +  and Psedera vitacea +
Parthenocissus vitacea +
Parthenocissus +
species +