Parthenium argentatum

A. Gray

in W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 86. 1859.

Common names: Guayule
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 21. Mentioned on page 20.

Shrubs, 30–100+ cm. Leaf blades lanceolate to oblanceolate, 15–25(–40+) × 6–15(–25+) mm, margins mostly entire, some with 1–2(–5) sharp teeth, faces densely strigillose (gray to white) and obscurely or not at all gland-dotted. Heads radiate, in glomerules of 3–5+ at ends of ± ebracteate stalks 8–15(–20+) cm. Peduncles 1–2(–6+) mm. Phyllaries: outer 5 oval-elliptic, 2.5–3+ mm, inner 5 ± orbiculate, 3.5–4 mm. Pistillate florets 5; corolla laminae ovate, 1.2–1.5 mm. Disc florets 20–30+. Cypselae ± obovoid, 2.5–3 mm; pappus-like enations 2(–4), erect to spreading, ± subulate, 0.3–0.8 mm. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun.
Habitat: Calcareous soils
Elevation: 1000–1500 m


Guayule has sometimes been used for commercial production of natural rubber. Hybrids between Parthenium argentatum and P. incanum have been noted.

Selected References


Lower Taxa