Veg. Syst. 10: 24, plate 24, fig. 2. 1765.
Herbs, perennial; roots fibrous; rhizomes present or not. Stems erect, glabrous. Leaves deciduous, basal, rarely also cauline, alternate, petiolate; ocrea sometimes deciduous, chartaceous; blade reniform to orbiculate-cordate, margins entire to obscurely wavy. Inflorescences terminal, paniclelike or racemelike, pedunculate. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual, (1–)3–7 per ocreate fascicle, base stipelike; perianth nonaccrescent, greenish to reddish brown, campanulate, glabrous; tepals 4, in 2 whorls of 2, distinct, sepaloid, dimorphic, outer 2 narrower than inner 2; stamens (2–)6; filaments distinct, free, glabrous; anthers white to red or deep purple, elliptic to ovate; styles 2, spreading, distinct; stigmas penicillate. Achenes exserted, yellowish to tan, winged, lenticular, glabrous. Seeds: embryo straight or curved. x = 7.
Arctic and alpine, n, w North America, Europe, e Asia.
Species ca. 4 (1 in the flora).