Oxalis macrantha

(Trelease) Small

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 268. 1896.

Common names: Price's wood-sorrel
Basionym: Oxalis corniculata var. macrantha Trelease Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 4: 88, plate 11, fig. 5. 1888
Synonyms: O. hirsuticaulis Small O. priceae Small O. recurva var. macrantha (Trelease) Wiegard Xanthoxalis hirsuticaulis (Small) Small X. macrantha (Trelease) Small X. priceae (Small) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 141. Mentioned on page 138.

Herbs perennial, caulescent, strongly colonial rhizomes or stolons usually present, bulbs absent. Aerial stems usually 2–8 from base, erect initially, usually becoming decumbent, 5–20(–40) cm, becoming woody proximally, hirsute-pilose on at least proximal 2/3, hairs curved, loosely and irregularly spreading, nonseptate. Leaves basal and cauline; stipules oblong, margins narrowly flanged or without free portions, apical auricles absent; petiole 2–7 cm; leaflets 3, green, obcordate, 3.5–12 mm, lobed 1/5–1/3 length, surfaces usually strigose-hirsute, sometimes glabrate, oxalate deposits absent. Inflorescences umbelliform cymes, less commonly irregular cymes, (1–)3–8-flowered; peduncles (3–)5–10(–15) cm. Pedicels villous, hairs long, spreading. Flowers distylous, well above level of leaves; sepal apices without tubercles; petals yellow to yellow-orange, with prominent red lines proximally, (13–)15–20(–23) mm. Capsules angular-cylindric, abruptly tapering to apex, 10–15 mm, sparsely to densely hirsute-pilose, hairs long, sometimes mostly along angles. Seeds brown, transverse ridges usually white.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Dry limestone glades, cedar barrens, chalk prairies, limestone bluffs and outcrops.
Elevation: 100–300 m.


V12 323-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ky., Tenn., Mexico (Nuevo León).


Oxalis macrantha is restricted mostly to limestone glades in Alabama, Kentucky, and Tennessee. It is recognized by its villous to villous-hirsute stems, flowers in umbelliform cymes, and large yellow to yellow-orange corollas with red lines proximally. The lines in the throat remain visible after drying and usually can be seen on herbarium specimens even from the outside of the flower. A similar pattern also occurs in other species, especially O. grandis, O. illinoensis, and O. texana.

Seemingly disjunct plants of native habitats in Nuevo León, Mexico, identified as Oxalis macrantha apparently are more common than reported by G. L. Nesom (2009b). Whether these are actually disjunct or a parallel morphological expression derived from some Mexican species needs to be investigated.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Oxalis macrantha"
Guy L. Nesom +
(Trelease) Small +
Oxalis corniculata var. macrantha +
Price's wood-sorrel +
Ala. +, Ky. +, Tenn. +  and Mexico (Nuevo León). +
100–300 m. +
Dry limestone glades, cedar barrens, chalk prairies, limestone bluffs and outcrops. +
Flowering Mar–May. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
O. hirsuticaulis +, O. priceae +, O. recurva var. macrantha +, Xanthoxalis hirsuticaulis +, X. macrantha +  and X. priceae +
Oxalis macrantha +
species +