Minuartia muscorum

(Fassett) Rabeler

Sida 15: 95. 1992.

Common names: Dixie stitchwort
Basionym: Stellaria muscorum Fassett Rhodora 39: 460. 1937
Synonyms: Arenaria muriculata Maguire Arenaria patula var. robusta (Steyermark) Maguire Minuartia muriculata (Maguire) McNeill Minuartia patula var. robusta (Steyermark) McNeill
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 129. Mentioned on page 118, 126, 131, 132.

Plants annual. Taproots filiform. Stems erect, green, 10–55 cm, glabrous or weakly stipitate-glandular distally, internodes of all stems 0.5–2.5 times as long as leaves; wintering stems absent. Leaves not overlapping, connate proximally, with loose, scarious sheath 0.4–0.8 mm; blade straight to variously curved, green, flat, 1-veined, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, (5–)10–35(–50) × (0.6–)1.5–3.2 mm, flexuous, margins not thickened, herbaceous or thinly scarious, smooth, apex green, acute, flat, dull, glabrous; axillary leaves absent. Inflorescences 5–50+-flowered, open cymes; bracts lanceolate to subulate, herbaceous. Pedicels 0.6–5.5 cm, stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium shallowly disc-shaped; sepals prominently 3-veined, lanceolate (herbaceous portion narrowly lanceolate), 3–4 mm, to 5 mm in fruit, apex green, acute, not hooded, stipitate-glandular; petals obovate, 1.6–3 times as long as sepals, apex rounded, broadly notched. Capsules on stipe ca. 0.1 mm or shorter, ovoid to broadly so, 5.2–7 mm, longer than sepals. Seeds black, suborbiculate, radicle obscure, plump to slightly compressed, 0.6–0.8 mm, muriculate-papillate.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Prairies, meadows, roadsides
Elevation: 200-500 m


V5 263-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., La., Mo., Okla., Tenn., Tex.


Minuartia muscorum is closely related to M. patula, and is distinguished by the often longer and wider leaves, often longer distal stem internodes, consistently three-veined sepals, and shiny, black, muriculate-papillate seeds. B. Maguire (1951) treated this taxon as both a variety of Arenaria patula and a new species; see R. K. Rabeler (1992) for a review of the curious nomenclatural history.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Minuartia muscorum"
Richard K. Rabeler +, Ronald L. Hartman +  and Frederick H. Utech +
(Fassett) Rabeler +
Stellaria muscorum +
Dixie stitchwort +
Ala. +, Ark. +, La. +, Mo. +, Okla. +, Tenn. +  and Tex. +
200-500 m +
Prairies, meadows, roadsides +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Arenaria muriculata +, Arenaria patula var. robusta +, Minuartia muriculata +  and Minuartia patula var. robusta +
Minuartia muscorum +
Minuartia +
species +