Minuartia arctica

(Steven ex Seringe) Graebner

in P. F. A. Ascherson et al., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5(1): 772. 1918.

Common names: Arctic stitchwort or sandwort
Basionym: Arenaria arctica Steven ex Seringe in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 404. 1824
Synonyms: Alsine arctica (Steven ex Seringe) Fenzl Lidia arctica (Steven ex Seringe) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 120. Mentioned on page 116, 117, 118, 131.

Plants perennial, mat-forming. Taproots stout, woody. Stems erect to ascending, green, 3–10 cm, retrorsely puberulent or stipitate-glandular, internodes of flowering stems 2–6 times as long as leaves. Leaves tightly overlapping (vegetative) or variably spaced (cauline), usually connate proximally, with tight, scarious to herbaceous sheath 1.2–1.5 mm; blade straight to outwardly curved, green, obscurely 1-veined, linear (proximal vegetative) or subulate (cauline), rounded 3-angled (abaxial surface thickened, rounded, adaxial surface flat to concave), 5–20 × 0.4–1 mm, flexuous, margins not thickened, herbaceous, often ciliate, apex often purple, rounded to truncate, shiny, glabrous (vegetative) or glabrous to stipitate-glandular (cauline); axillary leaves absent. Inflorescences: flowers solitary, terminal; bracts narrowly lanceolate to oblong, herbaceous. Pedicels 0.5–3 cm, usually densely stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium cup-shaped; sepals prominently 3-veined proximally, lanceolate to narrowly ovate (herbaceous portion often purple, ovate to oblong), 4–8 mm, enlarging slightly in fruit, apex often purple, rounded, hooded, stipitate-glandular; petals oblanceolate, 1.5–2 times as long as sepals, apex broadly rounded, entire. Capsules narrowly ellipsoid, 9–10 mm, longer than sepals. Seeds brown, suborbiculate with radicle prolonged into beak, compressed, 1.2–1.6 mm, minutely tuberculate (50×). 2n = 22 (Russia), 26 (Russia), 38 (Russia), 52, ca. 80.

Phenology: Flowering summer.
Habitat: Dry ridges, rocky mountain slopes, heathlands, alpine snowbed slopes, stony tundra
Elevation: 0-1000 m


V5 243-distribution-map.gif

N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Asia.


Minuartia arctica is an amphi-Beringian species that is known to intergrade with M. obtusiloba. Hybrids between M. arctica and M. macrocarpa are known as well.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Minuartia arctica"
Richard K. Rabeler +, Ronald L. Hartman +  and Frederick H. Utech +
(Steven ex Seringe) Graebner +
Arenaria arctica +
Arctic stitchwort or sandwort +
N.W.T. +, Yukon +, Alaska +  and Asia. +
0-1000 m +
Dry ridges, rocky mountain slopes, heathlands, alpine snowbed slopes, stony tundra +
Flowering summer. +
in P. F. A. Ascherson et al., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. +
Alsine arctica +  and Lidia arctica +
Minuartia arctica +
Minuartia +
species +