Melica bulbosa

Geyer ex Porter & J.M. Coult.
Common names: Oniongrass
Synonyms: Melica bulbosa var. intonsa Melica bulbosa var. inflata Bromelica bulbosa
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 91.

Plants loosely cespitose, rhizomatous. Culms 29-100 cm, forming corms, corms almost sessile on the connecting rhizomes; internodes scabridulous above the nodes. Sheaths usually scab¬ridulous, sometimes sparsely pilose; ligules 2-6 mm; blades 1.5-5 mm wide, abaxial surfaces scabridulous, adaxial surfaces with hairs. Panicles 7-30 cm; branches 2-6.5 cm, appressed, usually straight, with 1-5 spikelets; pedicels straight; disarticulation above the glumes. Spikelets 6-24 mm, with 4-7 bisexual florets, base of the distal florets concealed at anthesis; rachilla internodes 1-2 mm, not swollen when fresh, not wrinkled when dry. Glumes from (1/2)2/3 as long as to equaling the spikelets; lower glumes 5.5-10.5 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, 3-5-veined; upper glumes 6-14 mm long, 2.3-3.5 mm wide, 5-7-veined; lemmas 6-12 mm, glabrous, smooth or scabrous, 7-11-veined, veins prominent, apices emarginate to acute, unawned; paleas about 3/4 the length of the lemmas; anthers 3, 1.5-4 mm; rudiments 1.5-5 mm, truncate to tapering, sometimes resembling the bisexual florets in shape. 2n =18.


Colo., Wash., Tex., Wyo., Utah, Calif., Oreg., Mont., B.C., Sask., Idaho, Nev., S.Dak.


Melica bulbosa grows from 1370-3400 m, mostly in open woods on dry, well-drained slopes and along streams. It is restricted to the western half of the Flora region. Two records from Texas, in Jeff Davis and Sutton counties, have not been verified.

Melica bulbosa differs from M. spectabilis in its sessile corm and longer glumes. In addition, in M. bulbosa the spikelets have purplish bands which appear to be concentrated towards the apices; in M. spectabilis the bands appear more regularly spaced. It differs from M. californica in its more narrowly acute spikelets, more strongly colored lemmas, and lack of corms, and from M. fugax in not having swollen rachilla internodes.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Melica bulbosa"
Mary E. Barkworth +
Geyer ex Porter & J.M. Coult. +
Oniongrass +
Colo. +, Wash. +, Tex. +, Wyo. +, Utah +, Calif. +, Oreg. +, Mont. +, B.C. +, Sask. +, Idaho +, Nev. +  and S.Dak. +
Melica bulbosa var. intonsa +, Melica bulbosa var. inflata +  and Bromelica bulbosa +
Melica bulbosa +
species +