Malus angustifolia

(Aiton) Michaux

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292. 1803.

Common names: Southern or narrow-leaved crabapple
Basionym: Pyrus angustifolia Aiton Hort. Kew. 2: 176. 1789
Synonyms: Malus coronaria var. angustifolia (Aiton) Ponomarenko P. coronaria var. angustifolia (Aiton) Wenzig
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 474. Mentioned on page 475.

Trees, sometimes shrubs, 10–50(–100) dm. Stems 5–25 cm diam.; bark reddish brown to gray, longitudinally fissured with platelike scales; young branches reddish brown, sparsely puberulent, becoming gray or grayish brown, glabrescent; flowering shoots developing as short spurs or spiny thorns, (5–)10–40(–60) mm. Buds reddish brown, ovoid, 1.6 mm, scale margins tomentose. Leaves conduplicate in bud; heteromorphic; stipules deciduous, linear-lanceolate, 2–4(–5) mm, apex acuminate; vigorous shoot leaves: petiole (10–)15–25 mm, villous, sometimes tomentose; blade elliptic, oval, or ovate, sometimes triangular-ovate, (3.5–)4–6(–8) × (1.5–)3–4(–5) cm, base cuneate, sometimes rounded, margins sometimes slightly lobed, crenate, crenate-serrate, serrate, or entire, sometimes doubly serrate, apex rounded, broadly acute, sometimes apiculate, abaxial surface glabrous (villous only on veins), adaxial glabrous; flowering shoot leaves: petiole 3–10(–25) mm, villous, sometimes glabrous; blade elliptic or oblong, sometimes ovate, obovate, or lanceolate, (9–)15–50(–65) × (7–)10–20(–30) mm, base cuneate, sometimes rounded, margins unlobed, crenate, crenate-serrate, or entire, apex rounded (with point or acute), abaxial surface glabrous (veins villous), adaxial glabrous. Panicles corymblike; peduncles absent; bracteoles sometimes persistent, filiform, (1–)3–4(–6) mm. Pedicels (10–)20–30(–40) mm, glabrous, sometimes slightly villous. Flowers 20–30 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous, rarely slightly villous; sepals triangular, (2–)3–4(–5) mm, equal to tube, apex acuminate, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial hoary-tomentose; petals pink, sometimes fading white, oblong to narrowly obovate, (10–)12–16(–22) mm, claws (2–)3 mm, margins entire, sinuate, or fimbriate, apex rounded; stamens 20, (7–)9–12(–14) mm, anthers pink or rose before dehiscence; styles 5, connate basally, (6–)9–12(–15) mm, usually slightly longer than stamens, tomentose in proximal 1/3. Pomes green or yellow-green, subglobose, 10–20(–30) mm diam., cores not enclosed at apex; sepals persistent, erect; sclereids abundant surrounding core. Seeds dark brown. 2n = 34 (68).

Phenology: Flowering (Feb–)Mar–May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Open woods, thickets, hillsides, stream and lake banks, flood plains, terraces, roadsides, open fields, sandy soil, clay soil
Elevation: 10–700 m


V9 800-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.


The attractive flowers of Malus angustifolia have a pleasant, violetlike odor.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Malus angustifolia"
Elizabeth E. Dickson +
(Aiton) Michaux +
Pyrus angustifolia +
Southern or narrow-leaved crabapple +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
10–700 m +
Open woods, thickets, hillsides, stream and lake banks, flood plains, terraces, roadsides, open fields, sandy soil, clay soil +
Flowering (Feb–)Mar–May +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
Malus coronaria var. angustifolia +  and P. coronaria var. angustifolia +
Malus angustifolia +
species +