Lumnitzera racemosa


Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 187. 1803.

Common names: Black mangrove
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.
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Shrubs or trees to 6 m (possibly greater). Leaves: petiole poorly developed, 1–7 mm; blade obovate to elliptic, 1.7–9 × 0.6–3 cm, base attenuate or cuneate, margins revolute when young, surrounding shoot apex, surfaces without scattered salt-excretory glands, glabrous [pubescent]. Spikes 1–3[–7] cm. Flowers: sepals 0.8–1.3 mm; stamens 4–5.5 mm; style 4–7.5 mm. Drupes green or brown, 10–20 × 3–8 mm, glabrous [pubescent]. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Tidal swamps, mangrove communities.
Elevation: 0 m.


Introduced; Fla., s Asia (Indochina), e Africa to w Pacific Ocean Islands (Fiji, Tonga), n Australia.


In the flora area, Lumnitzera racemosa is known from a single naturalized population in Miami-Dade County.

The open, white flowers of Lumnitzera racemosa are self-compatible and pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and wasps. The trees show high fruit set and the fruits, which have a corky outer layer, are water dispersed. The species shows invasive potential; eradication procedures have been attempted, and the cultivated specimens at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden have been removed (J. W. Fourqurean et al. 2010).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Lumnitzera racemosa"
Walter S. Judd +
Willdenow +
Black mangrove +
Fla. +, s Asia (Indochina) +, e Africa to w Pacific Ocean Islands (Fiji +, Tonga) +  and n Australia. +
Tidal swamps, mangrove communities. +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften +
Lumnitzera racemosa +
Lumnitzera +
species +