Luffa aegyptiaca


Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Luffa no. 1. 1768.

Common names: Sponge or dishcloth gourd smooth luffa
Basionym: Momordica luffa Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 1009. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 14. Mentioned on page 13.

Vines climbing or trailing to 15 m; tendrils 3–6-branched; stems not angled, finely hairy or glabrous. Leaves: petiole 2–15 cm; blade dark green, ovate-cordate, (3–)5-lobed, 6–20(–30) × 6–25 cm, lobes triangular to ovate, margins entire or sinuate to sinuate-toothed or sublobulate-dentate, apex acute-apiculate, surfaces scabrous. Staminate racemes (5–)15–20-flowered, 12–35 cm; peduncles and pedicels erect to spreading. Flowers 5–10 cm diam.; hypanthium 4–8 mm, sepals longer than tube; petals bright yellow, 25–45 mm, apex shallowly obtuse to obtuse-apiculate; stamens (3–)5; filaments 6–8 mm. Pepos cylindric, not angled, (6–)20–50 × (2.5–)6–10 cm. Seeds dull black, not beaked, 10–12 × 6–8 mm, surface smooth, glabrous, margins with wings ca. 1 mm wide. 2n = 26.

Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Gardens, fields, trash heaps, cultivated in home gardens, abandoned plantings
Elevation: 10–100 m


V6 16-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., Ga., Ill., La., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va., Asia (India, Pakistan), introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, elsewhere in Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands, Australia.


The later name Luffa cylindrica, incorrectly attributed to (Linnaeus) M. Roemer, has been widely and erroneously applied to L. aegyptiaca.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Luffa aegyptiaca"
Guy L. Nesom +
Miller +
Momordica luffa +
Sponge or dishcloth gourd +  and smooth luffa +
Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, La. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Asia (India +, Pakistan) +, introduced also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, elsewhere in Asia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia. +
10–100 m +
Gardens, fields, trash heaps, cultivated in home gardens, abandoned plantings +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
Luffa aegyptiaca +
species +