Bot. Mag. 39: plate 1596. 1813.
Rhizomes brown to whitish, stoloniferous. Stems erect. Leaves basal and cauline, blade linear. Inflorescences: bracts present. Flowers: tepals with adaxial crest of moniliform trichomes; stamens 6, shorter than tepals; ovary half-inferior to nearly superior, 1-locular distally with 3 parietal placentae and 3-locular proximally with axile placentae; ovules numerous in each locule, arranged in several vertical rows. Capsules ± globose or ovoid. Seeds thin, elongate, variously curved, many per locule; seed coat reticulate; hilum basal.
M. L. Fernald (1921) recognized three species of Lophiola: L. aurea in the southeastern United States, L. americana in New Jersey and Delaware, and L. septentrionalis in Nova Scotia. Pending more detailed studies, only one species is recognized here. While the genus is retained in the Haemodoraceae in this treatment, recent research indicates that Lophiola is quite different from other Haemodoraceae and may be best placed in Liliaceae subfam. Melanthioideae (J. D. Ambrose 1985), Tecophilaeaceae (R. M. T. Dahlgren et al. 1985), or Nartheciaceae (W. B. Zomlefer 1997).