Limonium carolinianum

(Walter) Britton

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 255. 1894.

Common names: Canker or ink or marsh root lavender or American or seaside thrift
Basionym: Statice caroliniana Walter Fl. Carol., 118. 1788
Synonyms: Limonium angustatum (A. Gray) Small Limonium carolinianum var. angustatum (A. Gray) S. F. Blake Limonium carolinianum var. compactum Shinners Limonium carolinianum var. nashii (Small) B. Boivin Limonium carolinianum var. obtusilobum (S. F. Blake) H. E. Ahles Limonium carolinianum var. trichogonum (S. F. Blake) B. Boivin Limonium nashii Limonium nashii var. angustatum (A. Gray) H. E. Ahles Limonium obtusilobum Limonium trichogonum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 607. Mentioned on page 606.

Leaves all in basal rosettes, living at anthesis, 5–25(–40) cm; petiole often narrowly winged distally, 0.1–20 cm, usually shorter than blade; blade usually elliptic, spatulate, or obovate to oblanceolate (rarely linear), 5–15(–30) × 0.5–5(–7.5) cm, leathery, base gradually tapered, margins usually entire, sometimes undulate, apex rounded or acute to retuse, cuspidate, cusp 1–3 mm, soon falling; main lateral veins ascending, obscurely pinnate. Inflorescences: axes not winged, 10–60(–95) cm × 1–5 mm, glabrous; nonflowering branchlets absent; spikelets loosely to moderately densely aggregated along branches, internodes 0.5–10 mm; subtending bracts 2–6 mm, obtuse, surfaces and margins glabrous; flowers solitary or 2–3(–5) per spikelet. Flowers: calyx whitish, obconic, 4–6.5(–7.5) mm; tube 2.5–5 mm, glabrous or densely pilose along ribs; lobes erect, to ca. 2 × 1 mm; petals lavender (rarely white), slightly exceeding calyx. Utricles 3–5.5 mm. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering Jun–Dec.
Habitat: Salt marshes and salt flats along Atlantic and Gulf seacoasts
Elevation: 0 m


V5 1234-distribution-map.gif

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico (Tamaulipas), Bermuda.


J. L. Luteyn (1976, 1990) discussed the more or less continuous variation in this polymorphic species. He noted that seedling establishment is rare, and that populations spread primarily by vegetative means from horizontal rhizomes.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Limonium carolinianum"
Alan R. Smith +
(Walter) Britton +
Statice caroliniana +
Canker or ink or marsh root +  and lavender or American or seaside thrift +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico (Tamaulipas) +  and Bermuda. +
Salt marshes and salt flats along Atlantic and Gulf seacoasts +
Flowering Jun–Dec. +
Mem. Torrey Bot. Club +
Illustrated +
Limonium angustatum +, Limonium carolinianum var. angustatum +, Limonium carolinianum var. compactum +, Limonium carolinianum var. nashii +, Limonium carolinianum var. obtusilobum +, Limonium carolinianum var. trichogonum +, Limonium nashii +, Limonium nashii var. angustatum +, Limonium obtusilobum +  and Limonium trichogonum +
Limonium carolinianum +
Limonium +
species +