Krugiodendron ferreum

(Vahl) Urban

Symb. Antill. 3: 314. 1902.

Common names: Leadwood black ironwood
Basionym: Rhamnus ferrea Vahl Symb. Bot. 3: 41, plate 58. 1794
Synonyms: Krugiodendron acuminatum J. Á. Gonzales & Poveda Rhamnidium ferreum (Vahl) Sargent
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 67.

Shrubs or trees, 1–10 m, glabrous or glabrescent; trunks to 5 dm diam. Leaves: petiole 3–6 mm; blade ovate to elliptic or broadly elliptic to nearly oval, 2–6 cm, margins undulate, apex rounded to obtuse, usually truncate-emarginate, rarely acuminate. Inflorescences 3–5-flowered. Pedicels 1–6 mm. Flowers almond-fragrant. Drupes purplish red to nearly black at maturity.

Phenology: Flowering sporadically year-round.
Habitat: Hammocks, thickets, mangrove woodlands.
Elevation: 0–10 m.


V12 970-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., s Mexico, West Indies, Central America.


Krugiodendron ferreum in the flora area is found along the Atlantic coast from Brevard to Monroe counties. It is cultivated in gardens and parks as a specimen tree. Krugiodendron acuminatum was described from collections far-disjunct in Costa Rica and in Veracruz, Mexico. A. Pool (pers. comm.) considers these collections to fall within the range of variability of K. ferreum.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Krugiodendron ferreum"
Guy L. Nesom +
(Vahl) Urban +
Rhamnus ferrea +
Leadwood +  and black ironwood +
Fla. +, s Mexico +, West Indies +  and Central America. +
0–10 m. +
Hammocks, thickets, mangrove woodlands. +
Flowering sporadically year-round. +
Symb. Antill. +
Illustrated +
Krugiodendron acuminatum +  and Rhamnidium ferreum +
Krugiodendron ferreum +
Krugiodendron +
species +