Flora 15(2, Beibl.): 70. 1832.

Common names: Karwinskia
Etymology: For Baron W. F. von Karvinsky, 1780–1855, botanical collector in Brazil and Mexico
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 61. Mentioned on page 43, 45, 62.

Shrubs or trees, unarmed [armed with thorns]; bud scales present. Leaves deciduous, opposite; blade gland-dotted abaxially (secondary veins appearing light- and dark-banded); pinnately veined, secondary veins relatively straight. Inflorescences axillary, umbel-like cymes or flowers solitary; peduncles and pedicels not fleshy in fruit. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual; hypanthium hemispheric to turbinate, 2–3 mm wide, gland-dotted; sepals 5, spreading, greenish, triangular, keeled adaxially, margins often gland-dotted; petals 5, white to yellowish or greenish yellow, hooded, triangular to deltate, not clawed, gland-dotted; nectary thin, lining hypanthium; stamens 5; ovary superior, 2–3-locular; ovules 2 per locule; style 1. Fruits drupes; stone 1, indehiscent.


Tex., Mexico, West Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola), Central America, South American (Colombia).


Species ca. 18 (1 in the flora).

Selected References