5: 418. 1793.

Common names: Filmy fern
Etymology: Greek hymen, membrane, and phyllon, leaf
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Plants epiphytic or on rock. Stems long-creeping, intertwining, threadlike; hairs brown, sparse. Roots few, delicate. Leaves 1–3-pinnatifid, 2–6 × 0.5–1.5 cm. Petiole short, threadlike, not winged. Blade with inconspicuous glandular hairs or prominent stellate hairs; margins entire to distantly dentate. Soral involucres 2-valved, the halves roundish to ovate. Sporangial receptacle a low mound of tissue included within involucre. Gametophytes persistent, ribbonlike, much branched. Gametophyte gemmae platelike or absent.


Worldwide in tropical regions.


Most species of Hymenophllyum occur in middle elevation rainforests; a few occur in continuously moist temperate habitats. Although all members of this genus are relatively small and delicate, leaves of many species outside the flora become considerably longer by indeterminate growth of the leaf apices.

Species ca. 310 (3 in the flora).


1 Leaf blades glabrous. > 2
1 On wet rock or epiphytic on bark and decaying wood of large conifers; coastal British Columbia, Alaska. Hymenophyllum wrightii
2 Blade segments and involucres dentate. Hymenophyllum tunbrigense
2 Blade segments and involucres entire. Hymenophyllum wrightii