Euphorbia floridana


Fl. South. U.S., 401. 1860.

Common names: Greater Florida spurge
Synonyms: Galarhoeus floridanus (Chapman) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 314. Mentioned on page 238.

Herbs, perennial, with slender to moderately thickened rootstock. Stems erect, 20–65 cm. Leaves: petiole absent; blade linear to linear-elliptic or linear-lanceolate, 30–105 × 2–4(–7) mm, chartaceous, base attenuate, rounded, or nearly truncate, apex acute; only midvein evident. Cyathial arrangement: terminal pleiochasial branches 3–5, 3–16 cm, 3–5(–7) times 2-branched; pleiochasial bracts linear-lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 19–55 × 4–12 mm, margins entire, apex acute or acuminate; dichasial bracts usually ovate, lanceolate, or oblong, rarely deltate, 8–21 × 4–14 mm, margins entire, apex acute, acuminate, or rounded with mucronate tip; axillary cymose branches 1–3(–6). Cyathia: peduncle (except for that of 1st cyathium at base of pleiochasia) 2–5 mm (not exceeding dichasial bracts). Involucre campanulate or obconic, 1.6–3.3 × 1.8–3.1 mm, lobes ovate, 0.5–0.7 mm, ciliate, exceeded by glands; glands yellow-green, oblong to trapezoidal, 0.5–0.8 × 0.8–1.2 mm, distal margins deeply erose. Staminate flowers 20. Pistillate flowers: gynophore exserted 2.9–5.3 mm, calyxlike lobes triangular, 0.3–0.7 mm; styles connate 1/3–1/4 length, 1.1–1.7 mm. Capsules oblate-ovoid, 4.6–5.5 × 8.9–9 mm, strongly 3-lobed; columella 3.4–4.2 mm. Seeds brown to blackish, depressed-globose, circular in cross section, 2.8–3 × 3.2–3.6 mm, smooth, base flattened, with punctiform depressions, apex flattened.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting spring–fall.
Habitat: Xeric pine-oak sandhills, pine scrub, sandy soils.
Elevation: 20–80 m.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Euphorbia floridana"
Victor W. Steinmann +  and Jess A. Peirson +
Chapman +
Greater Florida spurge +
Ala. +, Fla. +  and Ga. +
20–80 m. +
Xeric pine-oak sandhills, pine scrub, sandy soils. +
Flowering and fruiting spring–fall. +
Fl. South. U.S., +
Galarhoeus floridanus +
Euphorbia floridana +
Euphorbia sect. Nummulariopsis +
species +