Euonymus fortunei

(Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti

Symb. Sin. 7: 660. 1933. (as Evonymus)

Common names: Wintercreeper climbing euonymus
Basionym: Elaeodendron fortunei Turczaninow Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturistes Moscou 36: 603. 1863
Synonyms: Euonymus hederaceus Champion ex Bentham E. kiautschovicus Loesener
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 123. Mentioned on page 122.

Vines to 20 m. Stems prostrate to erect, climbing by adventitious roots; young branches terete, not corky winged. Leaves persistent; petiole 5–10 mm; blade lanceolate, ovate, elliptic, to broadly obovate-elliptic, 1–9 × 0.5–5 cm, base cuneate, acute, obtuse, to rounded, margins crenate-serrate, apex obtuse, acute, or acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, 5–15-flowered. Flowers: sepals 4; petals 4, white to pale green, oblong, 3–4 × 2–3 mm; stamens 4; ovary smooth. Capsules straw colored to orange, globose, 6–8 mm diam., unlobed or very shallowly 4-lobed, lobes clearly connate, surface smooth. Seeds ellipsoid, 4–6 mm; aril orange. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering summer; fruiting summer–fall.
Habitat: Moist woods, stream banks, riverbanks, disturbed areas.
Elevation: 0–300 m.


V12 440-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Wis., e Asia.


Euonymus fortunei is widely planted as an ornamental and has escaped widely. Plants grow horizontally until they encounter a vertical surface like a rock, wall, or tree, which they then climb using adventitious roots. They sometimes form dense mats over other vegetation, excluding other plants.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Euonymus fortunei"
Jinshuang Ma +  and Geoffrey A. Levin +
(Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti +
Elaeodendron fortunei +
Wintercreeper +  and climbing euonymus +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Wis. +  and e Asia. +
0–300 m. +
Moist woods, stream banks, riverbanks, disturbed areas. +
Flowering summer +  and fruiting summer–fall. +
Introduced +
Euonymus hederaceus +  and E. kiautschovicus +
Euonymus fortunei +
Euonymus +
species +