Eugenia confusa

de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

Prodr. 3: 279. 1828.

Common names: Ironwood redberry stopper
Synonyms: Eugenia garberi Sargent
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.

Trees or shrubs, to ca. 6 m, glabrous or glabrate through­out. Twigs terete or weakly compressed; bark reddish brown, tan, or gray. Leaves drying green or olive; petiole channeled, 3–9 mm; blade ovate to elliptic-ovate, 2.5–6 × 1–3 cm, leathery, base rounded to cuneate, margins cartilaginous, apex caudate-acuminate, surfaces with numerous or obscure glands, smooth adaxially when fresh, often appearing wrinkled when dry. Inflorescences 1–8-flowered, racemes, solitary; axis 1–4 mm; bud obconic, ca. 2 mm; bracteoles caducous around anthesis, ovate, 0.5–1 mm, base distinct, apex obtuse to rounded. Pedicels 6–15 mm. Flowers: hypanthium obconic, 1.5–2 mm; calyx lobes in unequal pairs, larger pair 1–1.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm, apex rounded; petals obovate, 3–3.5 × 2.5–3.5 mm, apex rounded; disc 2 mm diam.; stamens ca. 40, 2–3.5 mm; style 2–5 mm. Berries bright red, globose to obo­void, 6–9 mm diam.; calyx persistent.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting year-round.
Habitat: Coastal hammocks.
Elevation: 0–20 m.


Eugenia confusa is known in the flora area from Martin and Miami-Dade counties, and the Keys in Monroe County.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Eugenia confusa"
Fred R. Barrie +
de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
Ironwood +  and redberry stopper +
Fla. +  and West Indies. +
0–20 m. +
Coastal hammocks. +
Flowering and fruiting year-round. +
Eugenia garberi +
Eugenia confusa +
species +