Erythronium albidum


Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 223. 1818.

Common names: White trout-lily
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 163. Mentioned on page 154, 155, 164.

Bulbs ovoid, 15–30 mm; stolons 1–3, mostly on 1-leaved, nonflowering plants; flowering plants reproducing vegetatively by offshoots or droppers. Leaves 8–22 cm; blade green, irregularly mottled, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, ± flat, glaucous, margins entire. Scape 7–20 cm. Inflorescences 1-flowered. Flowers: tepals strongly reflexed at anthesis, white, tinged pink, blue, or lavender abaxially, with yellow adaxial spot at base, lanceolate, 22–40 mm, auricles absent; stamens 10–20 mm; filaments yellow, lanceolate; anthers yellow; pollen yellow; style white, 15–25 mm; stigma lobes recurving, 1.5 mm. Capsules held erect at maturity, obovoid, 10–22 mm, apex rounded to faintly apiculate or umbilicate. 2n = 44.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Mesic bottomlands, upland forests, woodlands, clay and silt bottomlands, floodplain forests
Elevation: 0–300 m


V26 275-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis.


Erythronium albidum often forms extensive colonies in which nonflowering, 1-leaved plants far outnumber flowering, 2-leaved ones. It is very widespread in eastern North America, more common in the central states than E. americanum and often occurs in slightly drier sites.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Erythronium albidum"
Geraldine A. Allen +  and Kenneth R. Robertson +
Nuttall +
White trout-lily +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–300 m +
Mesic bottomlands, upland forests, woodlands, clay and silt bottomlands, floodplain forests +
Flowering spring. +
Gen. N. Amer. Pl. +
Erythronium albidum +
Erythronium +
species +