Encyclia tampensis

(Lindley) Small

Fl. Miami, 56. 1913.

Common names: Florida butterfly orchid
Basionym: Epidendrum tampense Lindley Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 33: plate 35. 1847
Synonyms: Encyclia tampensis (Lindley) Schlechter Epidendrum tampense var. albolabium A. D. Hawkes
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 608. Mentioned on page 606.

Plants to 50 cm. Pseudobulbs aggregate, dark green, ovoid-pyriform, 1–7 × 1–2.5 cm. Leaves 1–3, linear-lanceolate, 8–40 × 0.5–2 cm, leathery. Inflorescences racemes to panicles, lax, 10–80 cm. Flowers 3–45, green, yellow, or brown, often suffused with purple; sepals and petals similar, extended, oblanceolate-spatulate, 12–22 × 4–6.5 mm, apex obtuse; lip white, deeply 3-lobed, 12–18 × 12–18 mm when spread, middle lobe usually with large purple spot, suborbiculate, 6–10 mm wide, margins undulate, lateral lobes purple-veined, ovate-triangular; callus on isthmus; anthers 1, yellow; column straight, prominent wings on sides of stigmatic cavity, 1 cm. Capsules: pedicel 15–17 mm, body 17–27 × 15 mm, beak 3 mm.

Phenology: Flowering May–Sep; fruiting throughout year.
Habitat: Epiphytic on many different trees and palms in forests and hammocks
Elevation: 0–100 m


V26 1242-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Bahamas).


Flowers of Encyclia tampensis are fragrant, with a sweet or honey odor, starting about noon and peaking in early afternoon when small bees in genera Auglochlora and Halictus pollinate the flowers.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Encyclia tampensis"
Eric Hágsater +
(Lindley) Small +
Epidendrum tampense +
Florida butterfly orchid +
Fla. +  and West Indies (Bahamas). +
0–100 m +
Epiphytic on many different trees and palms in forests and hammocks +
Flowering May–Sep +  and fruiting throughout year. +
Illustrated +
Encyclia tampensis +  and Epidendrum tampense var. albolabium +
Encyclia tampensis +
Encyclia +
species +