Eltroplectris calcarata

(Swartz) Garay & H. R. Sweet

J. Arnold Arbor. 53: 390. 1972.

Common names: Longclaw orchid spurred neottia
Basionym: Neottia calcarata Swartz Fl. Ind. Occid. 3: 1413, plate 28. 1806
Synonyms: Centrogenium setaceum (Lindley) Schlechter Pelexia calcarata (Swartz) Cogniaux Pelexia setacea Lindley Pelexia setacea var. glabra Cogniaux Spiranthes calcarata (Swartz) Richard Stenorrhynchus calcaratus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 524. Mentioned on page 525.

Plants to 70 cm. Roots numerous, 18 cm × 2–6 mm. Stems subterranean, obscured by roots. Leaves glabrous; petiole erect, reddish, slender, 9–20 cm, usually longer than blade; blade green, lanceolate to broadly elliptic, 9–15 × 3.5–7 cm, base cuneate, margins entire to crenulate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences: peduncle reddish, satinlike, glabrous proximally, pubescent distally, with a few distant, sheathing bracts, 28–65 cm; racemes 3–11-flowered. Flowers spindly; sepals green, narrowly lanceolate, 21–30 × 6–7 mm, apex acuminate; dorsal sepal projecting over column; lateral sepals spreading; petals green, linear, 19–21 × 3 mm, apex acuminate; lip recurved, attached to column foot, white, ovate, lamina notched distal to middle, margins fringed, 2 cm, apex acuminate; spur adnate to ovary for 8–9 mm, cylindric, 15–17 mm, free portion curved, 7–9 mm; column semiterete, 8–10 mm, apex pointed; pedicellate ovary 1.5–2.3 cm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Capsules 18–25 mm; spur persistent.

Phenology: Flowering Jan–Mar.
Habitat: In humus of moist hardwood hammocks
Elevation: 0–30 m


V26 1068-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies, n South America.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Eltroplectris calcarata"
James D. Ackerman +
(Swartz) Garay & H. R. Sweet +
Neottia calcarata +
Longclaw orchid +  and spurred neottia +
Fla. +, West Indies +  and n South America. +
0–30 m +
In humus of moist hardwood hammocks +
Flowering Jan–Mar. +
J. Arnold Arbor. +
Illustrated +
Centrogenium setaceum +, Pelexia calcarata +, Pelexia setacea +, Pelexia setacea var. glabra +, Spiranthes calcarata +  and Stenorrhynchus calcaratus +
Eltroplectris calcarata +
Eltroplectris +
species +