Eleocharis albida


Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 3: 304. 1836.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 99. Mentioned on page 70, 97.

Plants perennial; rhizomes soft, longer internodes 2–4 cm, cortex loose, scales fugaceous, 6 mm, thinly membranous and translucent. Culms not rooting at tips, terete, 10–40 cm, soft to firm, smooth. Leaves: distal leaf sheaths proximally brownish or sometimes reddish, distally stramineous to green. Spikelets ovoid to oblong-subcylindric, 4–12 × 2–3.5 mm, apex acute to rounded; proximal scale empty, clasping 1/2 of culm, like floral scales; subproximal 1 or 2 scales often empty; floral scales 20–100, 10 per mm of rachilla, entirely stramineous or sometimes red-brown, ovate, (1.5–)2–2.5 × 1.5 mm, apex broadly rounded, entire. Flowers: perianth bristles (5–)6(–8), brown, stout, the longer equaling achene or tubercle, retrorsely spinulose; stamens 3; anthers brown, 1 mm. Achenes falling with scales, obovoid, angles keeled, 0.8–1 × 0.7–0.8 mm, apex with short neck. Tubercles whitish to brown, mammillate to pyramidal, 0.2–0.3 × 0.3–0.35 mm, 1/3 or less as wide as achene.

Phenology: Fruiting summer.
Habitat: Coastal saltmarsh edges, sloughs, beaches, dune depressions, ditches
Elevation: 0 m


V23 145-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.Mex., N.C., S.C., Tex., Mexico, Bermuda.


In most spikelets, the bright brown stigmas contrast strikingly with the stramineous floral scales. We have not seen vouchers for H. K. Svenson’s (1937) reports of Eleocharis albida from Virginia. The collections we have seen from Maryland are from the 1800s.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Eleocharis albida"
S. Galen Smith* +, Jeremy J. Bruhl* +, M. Socorro González-Elizondo* +  and Francis J. Menapace* +
Torrey +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Mexico +  and Bermuda. +
Coastal saltmarsh edges, sloughs, beaches, dune depressions, ditches +
Fruiting summer. +
Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. +
Illustrated +
Eleocharis +
Eleocharis albida +
Eleocharis (sect. Eleocharis) ser. Albidae +
species +