Elaeis guineensis


Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia... 280, plate; 172. 1763.

Common names: African oil palm palmier à huile d’Afrique
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 122.
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Leaves up to 8 m; segments ca. 120 cm. Fruits ca. 4 cm; ripening from green to yellow to red or black, 4 cm; endocarp black, 3-sided, bearing 3 germination pores. 2n = 32.

Phenology: Flowering spring-- through summer.
Habitat: Moist organic soil over limestone in mesic hammocks and disturbed wooded areas
Elevation: 0–10 m


V22 149-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., native, to Africa.


Elaeis guineensis is widespread in wet tropical Africa. It is now cultivated throughout the tropics, where it is the most important perennial oil crop, the source of both palm oil and palm kernel oil. E.laeis guineensis has escaped in the vicinity of Miami, Florida, and may be counted as an element of the flora. Birds and small mammals eat the oil fruits and disperse the seeds. Juveniles are easily recognized by the very sharp, spinescent remains of leaf segment midribs at the base of each leaf.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Elaeis guineensis"
Scott Zona +
Jacquin +
African oil palm +  and palmier à huile d’Afrique +
Fla. +, native +  and to Africa. +
0–10 m +
Moist organic soil over limestone in mesic hammocks and disturbed wooded areas +
Flowering spring-- through summer. +
Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia... +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Alfonsia +  and Corozo +
Elaeis guineensis +
species +