Elaeagnus multiflora

Thunberg in J. A. Murray

Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 163. 1784.

Common names: Cherry elaeagnus or silver-berry gumi natsugumi
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.

Shrubs, 1–2.5(–3) m, not clonal. Stems unarmed, with gray or reddish gray scales. Leaves deciduous; blade broadly lanceolate or cuneate, 1–2.5(–5) × 1–1.5(–3) cm, surfaces silvery abaxially, also with scattered, brown scales, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy, green adaxially. Flowers solitary or paired; hypanthium broadly flared, 6–7 mm distal to constriction; calyx cream, 4.5–6 mm, lobes with brown scales outside, glabrous inside; nectary disc conspicuous. Fruits bright red with silver flecks, oblong, 10–15(–25) mm, sparsely pubescent.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–May.
Habitat: Sandy or clay soils, alkaline or saline soils.
Elevation: 100–400[–1800] m.


Introduced; Ala., Ga., Ill., Ky., Mass., Mich., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Tenn., Va., Asia (China, Japan).


Elaeagnus multiflora is similar to E. umbellata and may have been overlooked in some locations; it is distinguished by a calyx tube and limb that are more or less equal in length, and fruits on elongated pedicels. The species has been grown as an ornamental in Utah but, apparently, has not become naturalized in the western United States.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Elaeagnus multiflora"
Leila M. Shultz +  and William A. Varga +
Thunberg in J. A. Murray +
Cherry elaeagnus or silver-berry +, gumi +  and natsugumi +
Ala. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Tenn. +, Va. +, Asia (China +  and Japan). +
100–400[–1800] m. +
Sandy or clay soils, alkaline or saline soils. +
Flowering Apr–May. +
Syst. Veg. ed. +
Elaeagnus multiflora +
Elaeagnus +
species +