Diospyros texana


Linnaea 22: 145. 1849 ,.

Common names: Black persimmon chapote
Synonyms: Brayodendron texanum (Scheele) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 249. Mentioned on page 248, 250.

Shrubs or trees, to 15 m. Bark light reddish gray, smooth and flaking. Leaves tardily deciduous; petiole 0.1–0.5 cm; blade dark green and glossy adaxially, obovate, 2–5 × 1–3 cm, thick, apex rounded to emarginate, abaxial surface tomentose, without basilaminar glands. Inflorescences solitary flowers or 2–3-flowered cymes, borne on twigs of previous season. Flowers 0.8–1.6 cm; sepals 5; petals 5; stamens usually 16; anthers dehiscent by subapical slits; pistillate flowers without staminodes; styles usually 4, connate for most of their lengths; ovary pubescent. Berries black, not glaucous, subglobose, 1.5–2.5 cm diam., pubescent. Seeds light red, trianguloid, ca. 0.8 cm. 2n = 30.

Phenology: Flowering Feb–Mar; fruiting Aug.
Habitat: Open woodlands of bottomlands, prairie margins, rocky hillsides
Elevation: 0-1800 m


V8 512-distribution-map.gif

Tex., Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas).


Brayodendron, based on Diospyros texana and segregated because of its apically dehiscent anthers, lack of staminodes, and coherent styles, can hardly stand up within a worldwide view of the Ebenaceae. As well as being eaten by people and wildlife, the fruits also are used in dying. The heartwood turns dark sooner than in D. virginiana; the small size of the stems limits its use.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Diospyros texana"
James E. Eckenwalder +
Scheele +
Black persimmon +  and chapote +
Tex. +, Mexico (Chihuahua +, Coahuila +, Nuevo León +  and Tamaulipas). +
0-1800 m +
Open woodlands of bottomlands, prairie margins, rocky hillsides +
Flowering Feb–Mar +  and fruiting Aug. +
Illustrated +
Brayodendron texanum +
Diospyros texana +
Diospyros +
species +