Cyrtopodium punctatum

(Linnaeus) Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 188. 1833.

Common names: Cowhorn orchid cigar orchid bee-swarm orchid
Basionym: Epidendrum punctatum Linnaeus Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1246. 1759
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 643. Mentioned on page 642.

Plants epiphytic, 50–150 cm. Pseudobulbs elongate, fusiform, to 50 cm. Inflorescences erect, paniculate, to 90 cm. Flowers bright yellow with maroon and green markings, 4–5 cm wide; lip with middle lobe margins conspicuously verruculose-tuberculate, lateral lobes spotted or solid dark orange or maroon, longer than middle lobe. Capsules to 10 cm. 2n = 46.

Phenology: Flowering winter–early spring.
Habitat: Coastal mangrove swamps and cypress swamps
Elevation: 0–50[–500] m


V26 1321-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies, South America (Peru, Venezuela).


The pseudobulbs of Cyrtopodium punctatum were used in the past as a source of glue for book binding.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Cyrtopodium punctatum"
Gustavo A. Romero-González +
(Linnaeus) Lindley +
Epidendrum punctatum +
Cowhorn orchid +, cigar orchid +  and bee-swarm orchid +
Fla. +, West Indies +, South America (Peru +  and Venezuela). +
0–50[–500] m +
Coastal mangrove swamps and cypress swamps +
Flowering winter–early spring. +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
ames1905e +  and hawkes1952a +
Cyrtopodium punctatum +
Cyrtopodium +
species +