Cynosurus cristatus

Common names: Crested dogtail Cynosure accrêté Crételle des prés
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 685.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Sandy Long

Copyright: Utah State University

Plants perennial; cespitose, not rhizomatous. Culms (5)15-75 (90) cm. Sheaths smooth, glabrous; ligules 0.5-2.5 mm, truncate, erose or ciliolate; blades 3-15(19) cm long, 0.5-2(4.3) mm wide, glabrous or pubescent. Panicles (1) 3.5-14 cm long, 0.4-1 cm wide, linear, spikelike, unilateral. Spikelets 3-7 mm, subsessile or shortly pedicellate, pedicels to 1 mm. Sterile spikelets strongly laterally compressed, with 6-11(18) florets; glumes and lemmas similar, linear-lanceolate, keeled, keels ciliate, apices acuminate to awned, awns to 1 mm. Fertile spikelets with 2-5 florets, glumes and lemmas dissimilar; glumes 2.8-5.1 mm long, 0.6-0.9 mm wide, 1-veined, laterally compressed, hyaline, keeled, acute; rachilla internodes 0.4-0.6 mm; lemmas 3-4.5 mm long, 0.6-1.1 mm wide, dorsally compressed, membranous to subcoriaceous, not keeled, margins hyaline, ciliolate, apices obtuse to acute, unawned or awned, awns to 3 mm; anthers 1.8-3 mm. 2n = 14.


Mont., Oreg., Conn., N.J., N.Y., Wash., Del., Wis., W.Va., N.H., N.C., Tenn., Pa., R.I., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.S., Ont., Que., Va., Colo., Calif., Vt., Idaho, Maine, Md., Mass., Ohio, Mich.


Cynosurus cristatus is a European native that is now established in North America. It grows in a wide range of soils in dry or damp habitats. In Europe it is used for fodder and pasture, especially for sheep, but in North America it is regarded as a weedy species. It is self-incompatible.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cynosurus cristatus"
Sandy Long +
Crested dogtail +, Cynosure accrêté +  and Crételle des prés +
Mont. +, Oreg. +, Conn. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Wash. +, Del. +, Wis. +, W.Va. +, N.H. +, N.C. +, Tenn. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Va. +, Colo. +, Calif. +, Vt. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Ohio +  and Mich. +
Gramineae +
Cynosurus cristatus +
Cynosurus +
species +