Cotoneaster sternianus

(Turrill) Boom

Jaarb. Ned. Dendrol. Ver. 20: 81. 1957.

Common names: Stern’s cotoneaster
Basionym: Cotoneaster franchetii var. sternianus Turrill Bot. Mag. 167: plate 130. 1950 (as sterniana)
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 466. Mentioned on page 451.

Shrubs, 1.5–4 m. Stems erect, arching, stiff; branches distichous, maroon, whitish tomentose-pilose. Leaves persistent; petiole 4–6 mm, tomentose-pilose; blade elliptic to broadly ovate, (18–)25–52(–56) x (12–)16–28(–34) mm, coriaceous, base obtuse or cuneate, margins recurved, veins 4–6, deeply sunken, apex acute or acuminate, abaxial surfaces whitish tomentose, adaxial dark green, slightly shiny, not glaucous, on vigorous shoots usually bulging slightly between lateral veins (unless shaded), very rugose, pilose. Inflorescences on fertile shoots 25–70 mm with 3–5 leaves, 7–20-flowered, compact. Pedicels 1–4 mm, tomentose-pilose. Flowers (5–)6–7.5 mm, opening small; hypanthium cupulate, silky tomentose; sepals: margins villous, borders purple, glabrous, apex acute or acuminate, surfaces silky tomentose; petals erect-incurved, pink to red, base dark red (with minute black dots), margins erect-incurved, pink or white; stamens 20, filaments red, distally pink or whitish, anthers white, sutures pink-tinged; styles (2 or)3 or 4(or 5). Pomes bright orange, eventually orange-red, subglobose to depressed-globose or globose, 6–10 × 6–10 mm, base rounded, shiny, not glaucous, pilose; sepals flat, tomentose; forming 5-pointed star over closed navel; style remnants 3/4 from base. Pyrenes (2 or)3 or 4(or 5).

Phenology: Flowering Jun–Jul; fruiting Oct–Jan.
Habitat: Mossy cliffs, thickets, hedges, urban waste ground
Elevation: 0–200 m


V9 786-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; B.C., Asia (China, Myanmar), introduced also in Europe, Pacific Islands (New Zealand).


Cotoneaster sternianus is similar to C. franchetii, a species with more elongated pomes, uniformly pink or purple anthers, and less textured leaves.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cotoneaster sternianus"
Jeanette Fryer +, Bertil Hylmö† +  and Peter F. Zika +
(Turrill) Boom +
Cotoneaster franchetii var. sternianus +
Stern’s cotoneaster +
B.C. +, Asia (China +, Myanmar) +, introduced also in Europe +  and Pacific Islands (New Zealand). +
0–200 m +
Mossy cliffs, thickets, hedges, urban waste ground +
Flowering Jun–Jul +  and fruiting Oct–Jan. +
Jaarb. Ned. Dendrol. Ver. +
Introduced +
Ostinia +
Cotoneaster sternianus +
Cotoneaster +
species +