Cotoneaster frigidus

Wallich ex Lindley

Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: plate 1229. 1829.

Common names: Tree cotoneaster
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 456. Mentioned on page 453, 454.

Shrubs or trees, 5–15 m. Stems loosely erect, spreading; branches spiraled, dark brown, initially downy. Leaves deciduous; petiole 5–8 mm, densely villose to tomentose; blade narrowly elliptic (to lance-elliptic or narrowly obovate), 55–150 × 19–55 mm, membranous, base cuneate, margins flat, veins 6–10, superficial or slightly sunken, apex acute, abaxial surfaces color not recorded, villous at least near midvein, adaxial green, dull, coating not recorded, flat between lateral veins, glabrous except villous midrib. Inflorescences on fertile shoots 60–80 mm with 2–4 leaves, 20–60-flowered, lax. Pedicels length not recorded, densely tomentose. Flowers 6–7 mm diam.; buds white; hypanthium cupulate [subcylindric], tomentose; sepals: margins tomentose, apex acute, surfaces densely villous; petals spreading, white, glabrous or with hair tuft; stamens 20, filaments white, anthers purple; styles 2. Pomes bright red, subglobose to ellipsoid, 4–6 × 4–5 mm, shiny, not glaucous, sparsely villous; sepals erect or ascending, margins tomentose, densely villous; navel hidden; style remnants near apex. Pyrenes 2. 2n = 34 (India).

Phenology: Flowering May–Jun; fruiting Sep–Oct.
Habitat: North-facing canyon slopes
Elevation: 0–500 m


V9 762-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Calif., Asia (Himalaya Mountains), introduced also in Europe.


Reports of Cotoneaster frigidus from Washington (F. C. Weinmann 2000; A. L. Jacobson 2001; J. T. Kartesz 2006) are here referred to C. gamblei, plants having larger fruits tending to be obovoid, less densely pubescent inflorescences, and with thicker, more persistent leaves.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cotoneaster frigidus"
Jeanette Fryer +, Bertil Hylmö† +  and Peter F. Zika +
Wallich ex Lindley +
Tree cotoneaster +
Calif. +, Asia (Himalaya Mountains) +  and introduced also in Europe. +
0–500 m +
North-facing canyon slopes +
Flowering May–Jun +  and fruiting Sep–Oct. +
Edwards's Bot. Reg. +
Introduced +
Ostinia +
Cotoneaster frigidus +
Cotoneaster +
species +