Cornus suecica


Sp. Pl. 1: 118. 1753.

Common names: Lapland cornel cornouiller de Suède
Synonyms: Arctocrania suecica (Linnaeus) Nakai Chamaepericlymenum suecicum (Linnaeus) Ascherson & Graebner Cornella suecica (Linnaeus) Rydberg Cornus biramis Stokes C. herbacea Linnaeus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 448. Mentioned on page 446, 447.

Stems erect, green, 5–22 cm, appressed-hairy; nodes 4–7, internodes only slightly longer distally; branches at distal 1–3 nodes, ca. as long as distal internodes. Leaves at basal node nonchlorophyllous, opposite, scalelike, caducous, at remaining nodes chlorophyllous, opposite, well developed, persistent; distalmost leaves similar in size to those at 2 more proximal nodes; petiole 0–7.5 mm; blade ovate or oval, 1.3–4 × 0.7–2.8 cm, apex broadly acute or obtuse, abaxial surface pale green, moderately appressed-hairy, adaxial surface bluish green, appressed-hairy; secondary veins 3 per side, all arising from near base, occasionally distalmost vein bifurcating in basal 1/5. Inflorescences 5–17-flowered; peduncle 8–20 mm; primary branches 0–0.4 mm; bracts white, often red- or purple-tinged, ± equal, ovate, 8–12 × 4–7.5 mm, apex slightly acute. Pedicels 0.7–1.5 mm, moderately appressed-hairy proximally, densely at base of hypanthium. Flowers: hypanthium deep purple, 1–2 mm, very sparsely appressed-hairy; sepals deep purple, 0.2–0.5 mm, apex acute, thick, densely hairy on margins, densely glandular; petals purple, 1.2–1.5 mm, apical awn 0.5 mm; nectary purple or black. Drupes 3–8 per infructescence, red, globose, 5–8 mm; stone usually globose, 2.1–3.4 mm diam., longitudinally grooved, apex rounded. 2n = 22.

Phenology: Flowering May–Jul; fruiting Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Maritime heath, tundra, or copse, along streams, peat banks, bogs, marshes.
Elevation: 0–500 m.


V12 108-distribution-map.jpg

Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Que., Alaska, Eurasia.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cornus suecica"
Zack E. Murrell +  and Derick B. Poindexter +
Linnaeus +
Cornus +
Lapland cornel +  and cornouiller de Suède +
Greenland +, St. Pierre and Miquelon +, B.C. +, Man. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Que. +, Alaska +  and Eurasia. +
0–500 m. +
Maritime heath, tundra, or copse, along streams, peat banks, bogs, marshes. +
Flowering May–Jul +  and fruiting Aug–Oct. +
Arctocrania suecica +, Chamaepericlymenum suecicum +, Cornella suecica +, Cornus biramis +  and C. herbacea +
Cornus suecica +
Cornus subg. Arctocrania +
species +