Conicosia pugioniformis

(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown

in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., 247. 1926.

Common names: Pigroot
Basionym: Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 488. 1753
Synonyms: Conicosia capitata (Haworth) Sc hwantes Mesembryanthemum capitatum Haworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 88. Mentioned on page 85.

Plants perennial. Roots single, to 30 × 1–2.5 cm. Leaves: cauline leaves scattered, crowded toward end of stems; blade gray-green, grooved or flat adaxially, 15–20 × 0.5–2 cm, apex acute, glabrous. Inflorescences: peduncle to 12 cm. Flowers lasting 2–4 days, 5–9 cm diam.; petals 200–250, in concentric rows, shining yellow; stamens to 10 mm; ovary 10–20-loculed. Seeds 75–200, dark brown, 1–1.8 mm, ca. 25% located within paired pockets. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy places, especially coastal dunes
Elevation: 0-100 m


V4 181-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Africa.


In California floras, Herrea elongata (Haworth) L. Bolus and Mesembryanthemum elongatum Haworth have been misapplied to Conicosia pugioniformis.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Conicosia pugioniformis"
John E. Bleck +
(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown +
Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme +
Pigroot +
Calif. +  and Africa. +
0-100 m +
Sandy places, especially coastal dunes +
Flowering spring–fall. +
in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Conicosia capitata +  and Mesembryanthemum capitatum +
Conicosia pugioniformis +
Conicosia +
species +