Combretum indicum

(Linnaeus) DeFilipps

Useful Pl. Dominica, 277. 1998.

Common names: Rangoon creeper
Basionym: Quisqualis indica Linnaeus Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 1: 556. 1762
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 10.
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Shrubs or lianas climbing, to 6 m. Leaves: petiole 5–20 mm; blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic to slightly obovate, 4–18.5 × 1.5–9 cm, base obtuse to slightly cordate, surfaces glabrate to densely pubescent, hairs combretaceous, and also scattered, inconspicuous, short-stalked, gland-tipped. Spikes 1.3–6[–12.5] cm. Flowers: sepals 1–3 mm; stamens 4–7.5 mm; style 10–20 mm (not including portion adnate to hypanthium). Drupes red, 25–40 × 7.5–14 mm, glabrous or sparsely glandular-pubescent. 2n = 22, 24, 26.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Disturbed habitats.
Elevation: 0–20 m.


Introduced; Fla., Asia (India to New Guinea), introduced also widely in Neotropics.


Combretum indicum has been found in Broward, Highlands, and Miami-Dade counties.

Combretum indicum is cultivated in warm regions for its beautiful and fragrant flowers, which have petals that are white when the flowers open and change to pink and then deep red as the day progresses. This species (and relatives) often have been placed in the genus Quisqualis, a name derived from the Latin “quis” (who?) and “qualis” (what?), alluding to the initial uncertain taxonomic placement of the genus, or possibly in astonishment at its variable habit or the distinctive color change. The approximately 17 species of the Quisqualis clade are closely related to species of Combretum subg. Cacoucia (Aublet) Exell & Stace, which have similar gland-tipped hairs (C. A. Stace 2007, 2010), and recognition of this group of species at the generic level would render Combretum non-monophyletic (O. Maurin et al. 2010).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Combretum indicum"
Walter S. Judd +
(Linnaeus) DeFilipps +
Quisqualis indica +
Rangoon creeper +
Fla. +, Asia (India to New Guinea) +  and introduced also widely in Neotropics. +
0–20 m. +
Disturbed habitats. +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Useful Pl. Dominica, +
Cacoucia +, Calopyxis +, Meiostemon +, Quisqualis +  and Thiloa +
Combretum indicum +
Combretum +
species +