Coelorachis cylindrica

(Michx.) Nash
Common names: Carolina jointgrass
Synonyms: Mnesithsa cylindrica Manisuris cylindrica
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25. Treatment on page 688.

Plants shortly rhizomatous. Culms 60-120 cm, terete. Sheaths terete; ligules 0.2-0.8 mm. Rames 6.5-12.5 cm, often purple. Sessile spikelets 5-5.5 mm; lower glumes with circular pits on the sides, the central region initially smooth, usually developing rectangular pits at maturity, occasionally remaining smooth; upper lemmas and paleas 4-4.5 mm. Pedicellate spikelets 1-2 mm. Caryopses about 2.2 mm. 2n = 18.


Kans., Okla., Miss., Tex., La., Mo., Ala., N.C., S.C., Ark., Ga., Fla.


Coelorachis cylindrica is native to the southeastern United States, where it grows in tallgrass prairies, the edges of forests, and roadsides. The specimen from Michigan was found in an old field, in association with many native species. Its source is unknown.

Selected References


Lower Taxa